Section 42
Chapter 41,454

Structure-function relationships in human lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase. Site-directed mutagenesis at serine residues 181 and 216

Francone, O.L.; Fielding, C.J.

Biochemistry 30(42): 10074-10077


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960
PMID: 1931938
DOI: 10.1021/bi00106a002
Accession: 041453046

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The functions of serine residues at positions 181 and 216 of human plasma lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase have been studied by site-directed mutagenesis. The serine residue at either site was replaced by alanine, glycine, or threonine in LCAT secreted from stably transfected CHO cells. All substitutions at position 181 gave rise to an enzyme product that was normally secreted but had no detectable catalytic activity. On the other hand, all substitutions at position 216 gave active products, whose activity was fully inhibitable by the serine esterase inhibitor diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP). A secondary (although not direct) role for serine-216 was indicated by a 14-fold increase in catalytic rate when this residue was substituted by alanine. Sequence comparison with other lipases suggests that serine-216 may be at or near the hinge of a helical flap displaced following substrate binding. These data strengthen the structural-functional relationship between LCAT and other lipases.

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