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Studies on the sympathetic efferent nerves of brown adipose tissue of lean and obese Zucker rats


Studies on the sympathetic efferent nerves of brown adipose tissue of lean and obese Zucker rats



Brain Research 481(1): 106-112



ISSN/ISBN: 0006-8993

PMID: 2706453

DOI: 10.1016/0006-8993(89)90489-7

Previous studies have suggested that the sympathetic tone to brown adipose tissue (BAT) is reduced in the genetically obese (fa/fa) rat. The following experiments were designed to examine with electrophysiological techniques the activity of the sympathetic nerve innervating the interscapular BAT. The spontaneous activity of the efferent nerves was reduced in the obese (fa/fa) rat compared with the lean control. The activity of the nerve showed a linear relationship with changes in core temperature in both genotypes. Electrical stimulation of the ventromedial hypothalamus resulted in similar heat increments in BAT temperature for lean and obese, but this was associated with a smaller increase in nerve firing in the obese rat. Intracerebroventricular administration of glucose enhanced the nerve activity, whereas 2-deoxy-D-glucose reduced the nerve activity in both lean and obese rats. These data suggest that the sympathetic tone is suppressed in the genetically obese rat, but the response to temperature and central glucose metabolism is intact.

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Accession: 041466730

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