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Study of immunisation: knowledge, attitude and practice

Study of immunisation: knowledge, attitude and practice

Journal of the Indian Medical Association 89(6): 167-168

Immunization is a key component of the fight against certain childhood diseases. The workers of Durgapur Steel Plant, Durgapur, in the district of Burdwan, West Bengal, and their family members who attended the local health unit were interviewed to learn about their preventive health care-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Study findings are based upon interviews conducted with 1378 people between November 1987 and October 1988, with a follow-up period of 3 months. Triple antigen, double antigen, and oral polio vaccines were considered. 110 (7.98%) of the industrial workers were unaware of the preventive aspects of health care. Most of these latter individuals were illiterate, rural in origin, and with monthly family incomes of less than Rs1000. Female children and third and fourth children in households were relatively more neglected, the mass media was the main source of preventive health care-related knowledge, and trade unions played no role in health education. Seasonal variation was observed in the numbers of immunization and drop-out cases. Reasons for dropping out included child illness, being out of station, not knowing the necessary number of doses and time or both, and parental negligence. Of the 640 parents who brought their children for immunization and understood the preventive aspect of health care, 7 believed in other than a scientific system of medicine.

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Accession: 041469605

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PMID: 1748790

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