Section 42

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Okonishnikova, I.E.; Bezel', V.S. 1979: Substantiation of the procedures of using succimer for the individual prevention of mercurialism. Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya (10): 25-29
Prisiazhniuk, A.E. 1985: Substantiation of the prospective need for hospital cancer care based on the prognosis of malignant neoplasm morbidity. Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia 5: 40-45
Kharisov, G.Kh.; Bubyr', N.F. 1985: Substantiation of the reliability level of fire extinguishers for medical atmosphere exposure chambers. Kosmicheskaia Biologiia i Aviakosmicheskaia Meditsina 19(5): 83-84
Usanova, E.P.; Matveeva, N.A. 1989: Substantiation of the reorganization of the activities of medical personnel at schools. Pediatriia 1989(4): 70-74
Zykova, A.S.; Zhalov, I.A.; Iambrovskiĭ, I.M. 1977: Substantiation of the scope of dosimetric control in an area where atomic electric power stations are located. Gigiena i Sanitariia 12: 48-51
Borisov, B.F.; Iaremchuk, A.Ia. 1986: Substantiation of the scope of extended resection of the esophagus in cancer. Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia 1986(5): 14-16
Zav'ialov, E.D. 1987: Substantiation of the selection of a method of surgical treatment of varicose veins of the legs. Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova 139(10): 57-60
Azhaev, A.N.; Gabriél'ian, A.S. 1990: Substantiation of the selection of informative psychophysiological indicators for evaluation of combined effects of environmental factors. Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya (8): 53-55
Cherkinskiĭ, S.N.; Gabrilevskaia, L.N.; Klimenkova, K.M.; Kozlova, M.V. 1978: Substantiation of the standard indices for the chlorine decontamination of afterpurified municipal sewage. Gigiena i Sanitariia 5: 25-28
Andruson, M.V.; Goridova, L.D. 1979: Substantiation of the surgical approaches in Dupuytren's contracture and the technic of the operations. Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova 123(10): 61-66
Berlin, A.A. 1989: Substantiation of the system of sanitary-hygienic procedures. Kosmicheskaia Biologiia i Aviakosmicheskaia Meditsina 23(2): 21-26
Poddubnaia, I.V. 1987: Substantiation of the tactics of dynamic observation of patients with lymphosarcoma. Terapevticheskii Arkhiv 59(6): 41-43
Ioĭrish, A.N. 1990: Substantiation of the tactics of short-wave ultraviolet irradiation of the air in hospital premises. Gigiena i Sanitariia 7: 60-63
Azhaev, A.N.; Dobrunov, A.M.; Kosheleva, O.S. 1978: Substantiation of the thermal insulation of clothing by conduction cooling of the body surface. Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya (11): 12-16
Bélokon', N.A. 1979: Substantiation of the unification of terminology of myocardial diseases in children. Pediatriia 6: 69-73
Redin, V.A. 1978: Substantiation of the use of heparin in knee joint injuries. Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova 120(6): 119-121
Ruzuddinov, S.; Rys-Uly, M. 1986: Substantiation of the use of new agent for preventive mouthwashing by workers in the phosphorus industry. Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya (5): 47-49
Storozhuk, P.G.; Kolesnikov, V.V.; Malan'ina, N.S.; Popova, I.A. 1990: Substantiation of the use of pepsidil in secretory insufficiency of the digestive glands caused by antitubercular drugs. Problemy Tuberkuleza 1: 43-46
Bellendir, E.N.; Peschanskaia, I.N.; Nakonechnyĭ, G.D.; Garbuz, A.E.; Akoev, G.N. 1989: Substantiation of the use of terrilytin in the treatment of spinal cord disorders in tuberculous spondylitis. Problemy Tuberkuleza 4: 46-50
Klimova, L.A.; Vartanian, Z.S.; Bezchinskaia, M.I.; Aleksandrov, M.T.; Chavchanidze, T.O. 1986: Substantiation of the use of the helium-neon laser (data of a bacteriologic study). Vestnik Otorinolaringologii 6: 67-68
Kunitsyna, L.A.; Bogutskiĭ, B.V.; Ezhova, V.A.; Pertsovskiĭ, A.I.; Cherfus, I.S. 1975: Substantiation of the use of ultraviolet rays. Vrachebnoe Delo 8: 11-14
Makolkin, V.I.; Buziashvili, I.I.; Abbakumov, S.A.; Kuleshova, N.N.; Sakharov, V.A. 1976: Substantiation of therapeutic effect of obsidan in functional cardiopathies. Terapevticheskii Arkhiv 48(5): 24-30
Badosha, V.A.; Shkurenko, V.N.; Tantsiura, V.P. 1986: Substantiation of therapeutic tactics in diaphyseal fractures of the extremities associated with cranio-cerebral trauma. Ortopediia Travmatologiia i Protezirovanie 2: 16-19
Ashriatova, N.K. 1988: Substantiation of time-differentiated maximum permissible levels of sevin in atmospheric air. Gigiena i Sanitariia 6: 57-59
Davydov, I.A.; Larichev, A.B.; Abramov, A.I. 1990: Substantiation of using forced early secondary suture in the treatment of suppurative wounds by the method of vacuum therapy. Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova 144(3): 126-128
Rusetskiĭ, A.N.; Panisov, M.I.; Ruuge, E.K.; Torchilin, V.P. 1985: Substantiation of using magnet-directed localization of drugs for the treatment of thrombosis. Biulleten' Vsesoiuznogo Kardiologicheskogo Nauchnogo Tsentra Amn SSSR 8(1): 100-105
Alekseenko, A.V.; Fedoriak, S.S.; Gozhenko, A.I. 1987: Substantiation of using pancreatic galvanization in the treatment of acute pancreatitis. Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia 11: 34-36
Filatov, I.V. 1978: Substantiation of various clinical and anatomical otorhinolaryngological terms in connection with international anatomical terminology. Vestnik Otorinolaringologii 1978(1): 14-16
Deckart, H.; Jorde, H.; Grosch, G.; Brunhöber, J.; Lobers, W.; Rückert, E. 1978: Substantiation problems in placental perfusion examinations in risk pregnancies (proceedings). Radiologia Diagnostica 19(1): 94-96
Pokrovskiĭ, A.A.; Korobkina, G.S.; Brents, M.I.; Biriukova, Z.A.; Kurbatova, N.I. 1978: Substantiation studies for a method of enriching sour milk products with essential fatty acids. Voprosy Pitaniia 2: 58-62
Barkagan, Z.S.; Shoĭkhet, I.N. 1989: Substantiation, tactics and effectiveness of frozen plasma-enzyme inhibitor therapy in septicemia and infectious-destructive processes. Gematologiia i Transfuziologiia 34(10): 8-12
Fiddian, P. 1986: Substantiation--new income tax rules. Australian Nurses' Journal. Royal Australian Nursing Federation 16(2): 41
Finch, P.D. 1979: Substantive difference and the analysis of histograms from very large samples. Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society 27(3): 800
Hoffmann, H.; Jackson, D.N. 1976: Substantive dimensions of psychopathology derived from MMPi content scales and the Differential Personality Inventory. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 44(5): 862
Wicker, A.W. 1989: Substantive theorizing. American Journal of Community Psychology 17(5): 531-547
Davidson, W.S. 1989: Substantive theorizing: another trip to the mountain. American Journal of Community Psychology 17(5): 561-564
Hammond, J.R. 1976: Substate district, HSA, and PSRO area designations. American Journal of Public Health 66(8): 788-790
Sharma, A.; Arunabha; Sarda, A.K. 1988: Substernal extension of thyroid swelling. Journal of Postgraduate Medicine 34(3): 142-145
Vasiutkov, V.I.; Zolin, V.P. 1978: Substernal goiter. Sovetskaia Meditsina 6: 134-138
Biktimirov, V.V.; Sorokoumov, V.P.; Shramko, A.N.; Leopara, V.M. 1986: Substernal goiter combined with aortic aneurysm. Vrachebnoe Delo 12: 65-68
Lesavoy, M.A.; Norberg, H.P.; Kaplan, E.L. 1975: Substernal goiter with superior vena caval obstruction. Surgery 77(2): 325-329
Katlic, M.R.; Grillo, H.C.; Wang, C.A. 1985: Substernal goiter. Analysis of 80 patients from Massachusetts General Hospital. American Journal of Surgery 149(2): 283-287
Daou, R.; Hajjar, E.; Rahal, J. 1991: Substernal goiters. Le Journal Medical Libanais. Lebanese Medical Journal 39(1): 3-6
Cougard, P.; Matet, P.; Goudet, P.; Bambili, R.; Viard, H.; Vaillant, G.; Vergès, B.; Brun, J.M. 1992: Substernal goiters. 218 operated cases. Annales d'Endocrinologie 53(5-6): 230-235
Kim, E.E.; Maruyama, Y.; DeLand, F.H. 1978: Substernal thyroid carcinoma detected by 67Ga scan in a patient with normal 131i scan. Clinical Nuclear Medicine 3(6): 222-224
Foster, R.; Hyde, R.M.; Livingstone, D.J. 1978: Substituent constant for drug design studies based on properties of organic electron donor--acceptor complexes. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 67(9): 1310-1313
Rinaudo, M.; Le Dung, P.; Gey, C.; Milas, M. 1992: Substituent distribution on O,N-carboxymethylchitosans by 1H and 13C n.m.r. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 14(3): 122-128
Job, D.; Dunford, H.B. 1976: Substituent effect on the oxidation of phenols and aromatic amines by horseradish peroxidase compound i. European Journal of Biochemistry 66(3): 607-614
Donetti, A.; Bastiaans, H.M.; Kramer, K.; Bietti, G.; Cereda, E.; Dubini, E.; Mondoni, M.; Bast, A.; Timmerman, H. 1991: Substituent effect on the stereochemistry of H2-receptor antagonists of the phenylformamidine series. a conformation-dependent mode of interaction with the H2 receptor. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 34(6): 1772-1776
György, I.; Antus, S.; Blázovics, A.; Földiák, G. 1992: Substituent effects in the free radical reactions of silybin: radiation-induced oxidation of the flavonoid at neutral pH. International Journal of Radiation Biology 61(5): 603-609
Ueda, Y.; Ogawa, K. 1976: Substituent effects observed on the fluorescence and nuclear magentic resonance spectra of ortho-hydroxyaromatic aldehyde para-substituted benzylidenehydrazones. Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan 96(9): 1157-1160
Wong, O.; McKeown, R.H. 1988: Substituent effects on partition coefficients of barbituric acids. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 77(11): 926-932
Shimamoto, N.; Fukutome, H. 1975: Substituent effects on substrate activation and Michaelis-Menten Kinetic parameters in the alpha-chymotrypsin-catalyzed hydrolysis of phenyl acetates. Journal of Biochemistry 78(4): 663-671
Iida, T. 1977: Substituent effects on the PMR signals of methyl groups in methyl steroids. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 19(2): 169-178
Grimme, L.H.; Harris, R.L. 1976: Substituent effects on the algicidal activity of phenyl thiolacetates. Experientia. Supplementum 23: 125-129
Dill, K.; Huang, L.H.; McGown, E.L.; Youn, S.H.; O'Connor, R.J. 1991: Substituent effects on the binding constants of arsenical-dithiol adducts. Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology 72(3): 367-370
Leupin, W.; Feigon, J.; Denny, W.A.; Kearns, D.R. 1985: Substituent effects on the binding of ethidium and its derivatives to natural DNA. Biophysical Chemistry 22(4): 299-305
Elfarra, A.A.; Hanna, P.E. 1985: Substituent effects on the bioactivation of 2-(N-hydroxyacetamido)fluorenes by N-arylhydroxamic acid N,O-acyltransferase. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 28(10): 1453-1460
Clemmer, J.D.; Gilliland, B.L.; Bartsch, R.A.; Holwerda, R.A. 1979: Substituent effects on the electron transfer reactivity of hydroquinones with laccase blue copper. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 568(2): 307-320
Kadish, K.M.; Bottomley, L.A. 1977: Substituent effects on the formation constants of iron(III) and iron (II) tetraphenylporphyrin-pyridine complexes. Journal of the American Chemical Society 99(7): 2380-2382
Kadish, K.M.; Morrison, M.M. 1977: Substituent effects on the redox reactions of tetraphenylporphyrins. Bioinorganic Chemistry 7(2): 107-115
Dampier, M.F.; Chen, C.W.; Whitlock, H.W. 1976: Substituent effects on the solution conformation of rifamycin S. Journal of the American Chemical Society 98(22): 7064-7069
Jenkins, S.M.; Wadsworth, H.J.; Bromidge, S.; Orlek, B.S.; Wyman, P.A.; Riley, G.J.; Hawkins, J. 1992: Substituent variation in azabicyclic triazole- and tetrazole-based muscarinic receptor ligands. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 35(13): 2392-2406
Hellinger, F.J. 1977: Substitutability among different types of care under Medicare. Health Services Research 12(1): 11-18
Jones, C.L. 1977: Substitute a suggestion book for your suggestion box. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 65(3): 386-388
Vaughan, P. 1991: Substitute anions and the chloride conductance of frog muscle: effects of chlorate and bromate on steady-state values and kinetics. Pflugers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology 419(2): 152-159
Studer, U.E. 1988: Substitute bladder following radical cystectomy. Schweizerische Rundschau für Medizin Praxis 77(20): 556-559
Lobel, B.; Guille, F.; Soret, J.Y. 1990: Substitute bladders. Presse Medicale 19(23): 1094-1099
Roberts, W.C. 1978: Substitute cardiac valves. Advantages and disadvantages of four commonly used ones. Advances in Cardiology 22: 252-270
Ey, T.E. 1975: Substitute care and the aboriginal child. Australasian Nurses Journal 4(1): 8-22
Sappington, G.M. 1986: Substitute consent. Reconciling negative treatment and consent to routine medical treatment. Journal of Legal Medicine 7(3): 341-355
Weiler, K. 1991: Substitute decision makers in health care treatment decisions. Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing 7(5): 268
Kleinman, I.; Hoffman, B.F. 1989: Substitute decision making. Cmaj: Canadian Medical Association Journal 141(10): 1028-1029
Elias, H. 1990: Substitute drug-assisted treatment of drug dependent patients in general practice. Fortschritte der Medizin 108(13): 256-258
Chojnowska-Jezierska, J. 1985: Substitute estrogen treatment of women after the menopause from the internist's viewpoint. Polski Tygodnik Lekarski 40(30): 852-854
Bonacini, M. 1988: Substitute forceps channel cover. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 34(5): 443
Regad, C.; Neroni, M.; Christen, O.; Thoenen, S.; Holz, J. 1989: Substitute model for in-vitro biological testing. II. Quantitative evaluation of the biocompatibility of dental products. Journal de Biologie Buccale 17(4): 285-295
Christen, O.; Regad, C.; Neroni, M.; Thoenen, S.; Holz, J. 1989: Substitute model of an in-vitro biological trials. I. Standardized method using human pulp cells. Journal de Biologie Buccale 17(4): 275-284
Becade, P.; Bastide, G. 1975: Substitute pathways of the arterial system of the lower extremities. Bulletin de l'Association des Anatomistes 59(167): 803-805
Black, B.J. 1977: Substitute permanent employment for the deinstutionalized mentally ill. Journal of Rehabilitation 43(2): 32-35; 39
Wuenschmann, F. 1978: Chewing gum and the dentist. Der Zahnarzt; Colloquium Med. Dent 22(1): 29-30
Fontaine, M.; Rousselie, F. 1977: Substitute technics. Bulletin des Societes d'Ophtalmologie de France 77(5-6): 585-587
El Matri, A.; Ben Abdallah, T.; Kechrid, C.; Ben Maiz, H.; Kheder, A.; Ben Ayed, H. 1986: Substitute treatment of end-stage renal insufficiency in Tunisia. La Tunisie Medicale 64(5): 445-449
LeMahieu, R.A.; Carson, M.; Han, R.J.; Nason, W.C.; O'Donnell, M.; Brown, D.L.; Crowley, H.J.; Welton, A.F. 1987: Substituted (aryloxy)alkanoic acids as antagonists of slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 30(1): 173-178
Atwal, K.S.; O'Reilly, B.C.; Ruby, E.P.; Turk, C.F.; Aberg, G.; Asaad, M.M.; Bergey, J.L.; Moreland, S.; Powell, J.R. 1987: Substituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroaminonaphthols: antihypertensive agents, calcium channel blockers, and adrenergic receptor blockers with catecholamine-depleting effects. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 30(4): 627-635
Unterhalt, B.; Seebach, E.; Thamer, D. 1978: Substituted 1,2,4,6-thiatriazacyclohexane 1,1-dioxides. Archiv der Pharmazie 311(1): 47-51
Chapleo, C.B.; Myers, M.; Myers, P.L.; Saville, J.F.; Smith, A.C.; Stillings, M.R.; Tulloch, I.F.; Walter, D.S.; Welbourn, A.P. 1986: Substituted 1,3,4-thiadiazoles with anticonvulsant activity. 1. Hydrazines. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 29(11): 2273-2280
Stillings, M.R.; Welbourn, A.P.; Walter, D.S. 1986: Substituted 1,3,4-thiadiazoles with anticonvulsant activity. 2. Aminoalkyl derivatives. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 29(11): 2280-2284
Chapleo, C.B.; Myers, P.L.; Smith, A.C.; Tulloch, I.F.; Turner, S.; Walter, D.S. 1987: Substituted 1,3,4-thiadiazoles with anticonvulsant activity. 3. Guanidines. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 30(5): 951-954
Chapleo, C.B.; Myers, P.L.; Smith, A.C.; Stillings, M.R.; Tulloch, I.F.; Walter, D.S. 1988: Substituted 1,3,4-thiadiazoles with anticonvulsant activity. 4. Amidines. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 31(1): 7-11
Ting, P.C.; Kaminski, J.J.; Sherlock, M.H.; Tom, W.C.; Lee, J.F.; Bryant, R.W.; Watnick, A.S.; McPhail, A.T. 1990: Substituted 1,3-dihydro-2H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-2-ones as potential antiinflammatory agents. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 33(10): 2697-2706
Vecchietti, V.; Clarke, G.D.; Colle, R.; Dondio, G.; Giardina, G.; Petrone, G.; Sbacchi, M. 1992: Substituted 1-(aminomethyl)-2-(arylacetyl)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines: a novel class of very potent antinociceptive agents with varying degrees of selectivity for kappa and mu opioid receptors. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 35(16): 2970-2978
Snyder, H.R.; Freedman, R. 1975: Substituted 1-[(5-nitrofurfurylidene)amino]-4-imidazolin-2-ones. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 18(5): 524-526
Kruse, L.I.; Kaiser, C.; DeWolf, W.E.; Frazee, J.S.; Erickson, R.W.; Ezekiel, M.; Ohlstein, E.H.; Ruffolo, R.R.; Berkowitz, B.A. 1986: Substituted 1-benzylimidazole-2-thiols as potent and orally active inhibitors of dopamine beta-hydroxylase. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 29(6): 887-889
Coburn, R.A.; Clark, M.T.; Evans, R.T.; Genco, R.J. 1987: Substituted 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzimidazoles as potential agents for the control of periodontal diseases. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 30(1): 205-208
Shearer, B.G.; Sullivan, J.P.; Carter, J.P.; Mathew, R.M.; Waid, P.; Connor, J.R.; Patch, R.J.; Burch, R.M. 1991: Substituted 2-(aminomethyl)piperidines: a novel class of selective protein kinase C inhibitors. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 34(9): 2928-2931
Adelstein, G.W.; Yen, C.H.; Haack, R.A.; Yu, S.; Gullikson, G.; Price, D.V.; Anglin, C.; Decktor, D.L.; Tsai, H.; Keith, R.H. 1988: Substituted 2-[(2-benzimidazolylsulfinyl)methyl]anilines as potential inhibitors of H+/K+ ATPase. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 31(6): 1215-1220
Goff, D.A.; Carroll, S.F. 1990: Substituted 2-iminothiolanes: reagents for the preparation of disulfide cross-linked conjugates with increased stability. Bioconjugate Chemistry 1(6): 381-386
Selby, P.L.; Sherratt, H.S. 1989: Substituted 2-oxiranecarboxylic acids: a new group of candidate hypoglycaemic drugs. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences 10(12): 495-500
Groutas, W.C.; Stanga, M.A.; Brubaker, M.J.; Huang, T.L.; Moi, M.K.; Carroll, R.T. 1985: Substituted 2-pyrones, 2-pyridones, and other congeners of elasnin as potential agents for the treatment of chronic obstructive lung diseases. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 28(8): 1106-1109
Clark, J.A.; Clark, M.S.; Gardner, D.V.; Gaster, L.M.; Hadley, M.S.; Miller, D.; Shah, A. 1979: Substituted 3-amino-1,1-diaryl-2-propanols as potential antidepressant agents. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 22(11): 1373-1379
Bartlett, R.R.; Gebert, U.; Kerékjártó, B.; Schleyerbach, R.; Thorwart, W.; Weithmann, K.U. 1989: Substituted 3-phenyl-7H-thiazolo(3,2-b)(1,2,4)triazin-7-ones as antiinflammatory agents with immunomodulating properties. Drugs under Experimental and Clinical Research 15(11-12): 521-526
Lanza, T.J.; Durette, P.L.; Rollins, T.; Siciliano, S.; Cianciarulo, D.N.; Kobayashi, S.V.; Caldwell, C.G.; Springer, M.S.; Hagmann, W.K. 1992: Substituted 4,6-diaminoquinolines as inhibitors of C5a receptor binding. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 35(2): 252-258
McQuaid, L.A.; Latz, J.E.; Clemens, J.A.; Fuller, R.W.; Wong, D.T.; Mason, N.R. 1989: Substituted 5-amino-4,5,6,7-tetrahydroindazoles as partial ergoline structures with dopaminergic activity. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 32(10): 2388-2396
Stillings, M.R.; Freeman, S.; Myers, P.L.; Readhead, M.J.; Welbourn, A.P.; Rance, M.J.; Atkinson, D.C. 1985: Substituted 5H-dibenz[b,g]-1,4-oxazocines and related amino acids with antiinflammatory activity. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 28(2): 225-233
Talaĭkite, Z.A.; Butenas, S.I.; Palaĭma, A.I. 1992: Substituted 6-aminonaphthalene-1-sulfamides as fluorogenic indicators groups for synthetic proteinase substrates. Bioorganicheskaia Khimiia 18(6): 828-836
Wojnar, R.J.; Brittain, R.J. 1975: Substituted 9-benzyladenines: inhibitors of inflammation associated with the delayed hypersensitivity skin reaction. Agents and Actions 5(2): 152-160
Grisar, J.M.; Claxton, G.P.; MacKenzie, R.D. 1976: Substituted alpah-methylbenzyl and tricyclic arylalkyl lactamimides as inhibitors of blood platelet aggregation. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 19(4): 503-508
Ogren, S.O.; Ross, S.B. 1977: Substituted amphetamine derivatives. II. Behavioural effects in mice related to monoaminergic neurones. Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica 41(4): 353-368
Wise, R. 1977: Substituted ampicillins. Journal of Antimicrobial ChemoTherapy 3(4): 289-290
Clough, D.P.; Hatton, R.; Pettinger, S.J.; Samuels, G.M.; Shaw, A. 1978: Substituted aryl-tetrahydro-pyrrolo imidazoles: a new class of centrally acting antihypertensives. British Journal of Pharmacology 62(3): 385P-386P
Musser, J.H.; Chakraborty, U.R.; Sciortino, S.; Gordon, R.J.; Khandwala, A.; Neiss, E.S.; Pruss, T.P.; Van Inwegen, R.; Weinryb, I.; Coutts, S.M. 1987: Substituted arylmethyl phenyl ethers. 1. a novel series of 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors and leukotriene antagonists. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 30(1): 96-104
Stone, P.C.; Nash, G.B.; Stuart, J. 1992: Substituted benzaldehydes (12C79 and 589C80) that stabilize oxyhaemoglobin also protect sickle cells against calcium-mediated dehydration. British Journal of Haematology 81(3): 419-423
Sestili, P.; Balsamini, C.; Spadoni, G.; Duranti, E.; Cattabeni, F.; Higgins, D.; Thomson, C.; Cantoni, O. 1989: Substituted benzamides as poly(ADP-ribose) transferase inhibitors: development of new derivatives by using computer graphics techniques. Pharmacological Research 21(Suppl 1): 123-124
Hadley, M.S.; King, F.D.; McRitchie, B.; Turner, D.H.; Watts, E.A. 1985: Substituted benzamides with conformationally restricted side chains. 1. Quinolizidine derivatives as selective gastric prokinetic agents. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 28(12): 1843-1847
King, F.D.; Hadley, M.S.; McClelland, C.M. 1988: Substituted benzamides with conformationally restricted side chains. 2. Indolizidine derivatives as central dopamine receptor antagonists. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 31(9): 1708-1712
Monković, I.; Willner, D.; Adam, M.A.; Brown, M.; Crenshaw, R.R.; Fuller, C.E.; Juby, P.F.; Luke, G.M.; Matiskella, J.A.; Montzka, T.A. 1988: Substituted benzamides. 1. Potential nondopaminergic antagonists of chemotherapy-induced nausea and emesis. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 31(8): 1548-1558
Colautti, A. 1975: Substituted benzensulfobiguanides. Il Farmaco; Edizione Scientifica 30(10): 841-846
Szilágyi, G.; Kasztreiner, E.; Borsy, J. 1975: Substituted benzyl- and benzoyl carbamide derivatives of anticonvulsant activity. Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica 45(4): 145-154
Hall, I.H.; Scoville, J.P.; Reynolds, D.J.; Simlot, R.; Duncan, P. 1990: Substituted cyclic imides as potential anti-gout agents. Life Sciences 46(26): 1923-1927
Darvas, F.; Budai, Z.; Petöcz, L.; Kosóczky, I. 1975: Substituted cycloalkanol ethers of psychostimulant activity: studies on quantitative structure-activity relationships. Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology 12(2): 243-254
Clark, D.A.; Goldstein, S.W.; Volkmann, R.A.; Eggler, J.F.; Holland, G.F.; Hulin, B.; Stevenson, R.W.; Kreutter, D.K.; Gibbs, E.M.; Krupp, M.N. 1991: Substituted dihydrobenzopyran and dihydrobenzofuran thiazolidine-2,4-diones as hypoglycemic agents. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 34(1): 319-325
King, V.F.; Garcia, M.L.; Shevell, J.L.; Slaughter, R.S.; Kaczorowski, G.J. 1989: Substituted diphenylbutylpiperidines bind to a unique high affinity site on the L-type calcium channel. Evidence for a fourth site in the cardiac calcium entry blocker receptor complex. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264(10): 5633-5641
Leonard, N.J.; Cruickshank, K.A. 1986: Substituted ethenoadenosines and ethenocytidines. Iarc Scientific Publications 70: 33-36
Gupta, S.; Vayuvegula, B.; Gollapudi, S. 1991: Substituted guanine ribonucleosides as B cell activators. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 61(2 Part 2): S21-S27
Szilágyi, G.; Kasztreiner, E.; Kovács, K.; Borsy, J. 1975: Substituted hydroxylamine derivatives acting on the central nervous system. Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica 45(2): 49-65
Davies, L.P.; Barlin, G.B.; Ireland, S.J.; Ngu, M.M. 1992: Substituted imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazines. new compounds with activity at central and peripheral benzodiazepine receptors. Biochemical Pharmacology 44(8): 1555-1561
Kallmayer, H.J. 1975: Substituted isatin phenylimines. Archiv der Pharmazie 308(10): 742-748
Gelb, M.H.; Abeles, R.H. 1986: Substituted isatoic anhydrides: selective inactivators of trypsin-like serine proteases. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 29(4): 585-589
Crystal, S.; Dejowski, E. 1987: Substituted judgment and protective intervention. New Directions for Mental Health Services 36: 83-91
Smith, H. 1991: Gastro-oesophageal reflux and the lung. Archives of Disease in Childhood 66(8): 1003-1004
Weber, W.M. 1985: Substituted judgment doctrine: a critical analysis. Issues in Law and Medicine 1(2): 131-156
Case, N.K. 1988: Substituted judgment in the pediatric health care setting. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing 11(5-6): 303-312
Classen, H.W. 1986: Substituted judgment: the courts speak for the speechless. Medicine and Law 5(3): 199-219
Bream, J.B.; Lauener, H.; Picard, C.W.; Scholtysik, G.; White, T.G. 1975: Substituted phenylacetylguanidines: a new class of antihypertensive agents. Arzneimittel-Forschung 25(10): 1477-1482
Rosenthal, I.; Ben-Hur, E.; Greenberg, S.; Conception-Lam, A.; Drew, D.M.; Leznoff, C.C. 1988: Substituted phthalocyanines as photodynamic sensitizers. Basic Life Sciences 49: 467-472
Denomme, M.A.; Homonko, K.; Fujita, T.; Sawyer, T.; Safe, S. 1986: Substituted polychlorinated dibenzofuran receptor binding affinities and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase induction potencies--a QSAR analysis. Chemico-Biological Interactions 57(2): 175-187
Hannah, J.; Kelly, K.; Patchett, A.A. 1975: Substituted pyrazolo corticoids as topical antiinflammatory agents. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 18(2): 168-172
Brocklehurst, K.; Malthouse, J.P.; Baines, B.S.; Blenkinsop, R.D.; Churcher, J.A.; Mushiri, M.S.; Ormerod, F. 1978: Substituted pyridines as two-protonic-state reactivity probes, reporter-group delivery vehicles and labelling reagents for the study of thiol enzymes. Biochemical Society Transactions 6(1): 261-263
Vaz, A.D.; Coon, M.J.; Peegel, H.; Menon, K.M. 1992: Substituted pyridines: nonsteroidal inhibitors of human placental aromatase cytochrome P-450. Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 20(1): 108-112
Mullen, G.B.; Swift, P.A.; Georgiev, V.S. 1987: Substituted spiro[isoxazolidine-3,2'-tricyclo[,7)]decane] derivatives. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 76(12): 930-934
Galpin, D.R.; Kandeel, E.M.; Martin, A.R. 1978: Substituted tetralins VI: Tentative assignment of absolute stereochemistry of 1-methyl-1-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-naphthoic acid and N,N,1-trimethyl-1-phenyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-naphthylamine isomers. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 67(10): 1367-1370
Wahab, A. 1979: Substituted thiatriazoles as possible anticancer compounds. Arzneimittel-Forschung 29(5): 728-729
Wahab, A.; Rao, R.P. 1978: Substituted thiatriazoles as possible antitubercular compounds. Bollettino Chimico Farmaceutico 117(2): 107-112
Chaudhari, S.K.; Verma, M.; Chaturvedi, A.K.; Parmar, S.S. 1975: Substituted thiazolidones: selective inhibition of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent oxidations and evaluation of their CNS activity. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 64(4): 614-617
Beil, W.; Staar, U.; Sewing, K.F. 1990: Substituted thieno[3,4-d]imidazoles, a novel group of H+/K(+)-ATPase inhibitors. Differentiation of their inhibition characteristics from those of omeprazole. European Journal of Pharmacology 187(3): 455-467
Ruenitz, P.C.; Bagley, J.R.; Watts, C.K.; Hall, R.E.; Sutherland, R.L. 1986: Substituted-vinyl hydroxytriarylethylenes, 1-[4-[2-(diethylamino) ethoxy]phenyl]-1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-phenylethylenes: synthesis and effects on MCF 7 breast cancer cell proliferation. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 29(12): 2511-2519
Johnston, A.D.; Asmussen, E.; Bowen, R.L. 1989: Substitutes for N-phenylglycine in adhesive bonding to dentin. Journal of Dental Research 68(9): 1337-1344
Gallo, I.; Artiñano, E.; Nistal, F. 1987: Substitutes for a heterologous pericardium: a call to attention. Revista Espanola de Cardiologia 40(3): 224-225
De Rasilly, A.; Champion, G. 1985: Substitutes for cow's milk. SOINS. Gynecologie Obstetrique Puericulture Pediatrie 48: 33-35
Watkin, B. 1975: Substitutes for doctors. Nursing Mirror and Midwives Journal 141(6): 39
MacLean, L.D. 1987: Substitutes for homologous blood transfusion. Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie 30(5): 313-314
Ginies, J.L.; Bouderlique, C. 1985: Substitutes for mother's milk. Soins. Gynecologie Obstetrique Puericulture Pediatrie 48: 29-31
Androsova, V.M. 1986: Substitutes for oil of cloves in combined histological stains. Tsitologiia 28(9): 1030-1031
Thomasson, J. 1989: Substitutes guaranteed expense allowance in spite of interference by tax collectors. Vardfacket 13(11): 26
Bantle, J.P.; Weber, M.S.; Rao, S.M.; Chattopadhyay, M.K.; Robertson, R.P. 1990: Rotation of the anatomic regions used for insulin injections and day-to-day variability of plasma glucose in type i diabetic subjects. JAMA 263(13): 1802-1806
Altman, J.A.; Arnold, H.; Spector, P. 1979: Substituting maxillary first premolars for maxillary impacted canines in cases requiring the extraction of dental units as part of orthodontic correction. American Journal of Orthodontics 75(6): 618-629
Chaturvedi, S.K. 1990: Substituting nonsomatic for somatic symptoms in the diagnosis of depression. American Journal of Psychiatry 147(7): 958-959
Baughman, F.A. 1988: Substituting of generic drugs. Western Journal of Medicine 148(4): 469
Capron, A.M. 1992: Substituting our judgment. Hastings Center Report 22(2): 58-59
Murray, S.O. 1991: Substituting speculation for research. Archives of Sexual Behavior 20(6): 587-588
Balster, R.L. 1989: Substitution and antagonism in rats trained to discriminate (+)-N-allylnormetazocine from saline. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 249(3): 749-756
García Diez, F.; Fernández Fernández, R.; Guerreiro González, R.; González del Valle, C. 1990: Substitution and augmentation enterocystoplasty: long-term follow up. Archivos Espanoles de Urologia 43(8): 861-865
Wood, D.M.; Emmett-Oglesby, M.W. 1988: Substitution and cross-tolerance profiles of anorectic drugs in rats trained to detect the discriminative stimulus properties of cocaine. Psychopharmacology 95(3): 364-368
Emmett-Oglesby, M.W.; Wood, D.M. 1986: Substitution and cross-tolerance profiles of phenmetrazine and diethylpropion in rats trained to detect the stimulus properties of cocaine. Nida Research Monograph 67: 154-160
Ortar, G.; Romeo, A. 1976: Substitution and elimination reactions of steroid tertiary C-17 trifluoroacetates. Journal of Organic Chemistry 41(25): 4036-4038
Woods, J.H.; Gmerek, D.E. 1985: Substitution and primary dependence studies in animals. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 14(3-4): 233-247
Dietzfelbinger, H.; Woitinas, F. 1979: Substitution and protective therapy with blood components. Medizinische Klinik 74(18): 680-685
Bracco, P. 1986: Substitution and reconstruction of fractured and missing teeth in patients seeking orthodontic treatment. Dental Cadmos 54(11): 17-28
Takeda, T.; Imai, Y.; Yamamoto, M. 1989: Substitution at position 116 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe calmodulin decreases its stability under nitrogen starvation and results in a sporulation-deficient phenotype. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 86(24): 9737-9741
Leibowitz, A. 1989: Substitution between prescribed and over-the-counter medications. Medical Care 27(1): 85-94
Dóbi, I.; Juhász-Nagy, A. 1991: Substitution by adenosine for glucagon as a surgical diagnostic tool to detect mesenteric vascular adaptation. Journal of Vascular Surgery 13(6): 919-920
Irita, K.; Cuatrecasas, P.; Hebdon, G.M. 1991: Substitution by fatty acids for phosphatidylserine in a reconstitution of phorbol ester binding to protein kinase C. International Journal of Biochemistry 23(7-8): 755-759
Khutorskaia, V.D.; Bialik, I.B. 1978: Substitution corticosteroid therapy in chronic destructive pulmonary tuberculosis. Klinicheskaia Meditsina 56(12): 24-29
Van Linschoten, C.P.; Wolffensperger, E.W. 1992: Substitution effects in the care for the elderly in Southeast Groningen. Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie 23(5): 171-178
Acconcia, A. 1987: Substitution enterocystoplasty. Seminars in Urology 5(1): 3-7
Collet, D.; Rabaud, M.; Bonnaud, E.; Lefèbvre, F.; Périssat, J. 1992: Substitution for an experimental duodenal substance loss in the dog with an original bioreactive material. Journal de Chirurgie 129(4): 183-186
Reny, A. 1979: Substitution for lid defects. Bericht Uber die Zusammenkunft. Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft 77: 183-186
Nogawa, H.; Takahashi, Y. 1991: Substitution for mesenchyme by basement-membrane-like substratum and epidermal growth factor in inducing branching morphogenesis of mouse salivary epithelium. Development 112(3): 855-861
Kindler, U.; Schoppe, W.D.; Augspach, R. 1978: Substitution for the protein loss in hemodialysis. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Innere Medizin 84: 1233-1236
Ouhayoun, J.P.; Etienne, D. 1989: Immediate filling of extraction sites in general practice: use of a resorbable biomaterial, natural coral. L' Information Dentaire 71(4): 225-238
Tiul'pakov, A.N. 1991: Substitution hormonal therapy in congenital adrenocortical hyperplasia, caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency (lecture). Problemy Endokrinologii 37(6): 46-48
Korístek, V.; Roubal, P.; Hlavon, J.; Cerný, J. 1977: Substitution in agenesis of the left diaphragm using a terylene patch (report of a case). Ceskoslovenska Pediatrie 32(7): 431-433
Kean, K.M.; Agut, H.; Fichot, O.; Girard, M. 1989: Substitution in the poliovirus replicase gene determines actinomycin D sensitivity of viral replication at elevated temperature. Virus Research 12(1): 19-32
Löffler, A.; Wisskirchen, K.J.; Kutz, K. 1976: Substitution management of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency with a fungal lipase. Therapie der Gegenwart 115(3): 439-446
McBride, J.H.; Rodgerson, D.O.; Allin, R.E.; Ota, M.K. 1988: Substitution of 125I-labeled cyclosporine in the radioimmunoassay of plasma cyclosporine. Transplantation 45(2): 495-497
Legrand, A.B.; Lawson, J.A.; Meyrick, B.O.; Blair, I.A.; Oates, J.A. 1991: Substitution of 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in the phosphoinositide signaling pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(12): 7570-7577
Zhang, X.P.; Ebright, R.H. 1990: Substitution of 2 base pairs (1 base pair per DNA half-site) within the Escherichia coli lac promoter DNA site for catabolite gene activator protein places the lac promoter in the FNR regulon. Journal of Biological Chemistry 265(21): 12400-12403
Matsuda, M.; Terukina, S.; Miyata, T.; Iwanaga, S.; Kasamatsu, A.; Takeda, Y. 1987: Substitution of a alpha arginine-16 by cysteine in two abnormal fibrinogens (Kawaguchi and Osaka I). Rinsho Byori. Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology Spec no 73: 161-169
Söderlind, E.; Schneider, G.; Gutteridge, S. 1992: Substitution of ASP193 to ASN at the active site of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase results in conformational changes. European Journal of Biochemistry 206(3): 729-735
Stupperich, E.; Steiner, I.; Eisinger, H.J. 1987: Substitution of Co alpha-(5-hydroxybenzimidazolyl)cobamide (factor III) by vitamin B12 in Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. Journal of Bacteriology 169(7): 3076-3081
Lodman, D.W.; Petersen, M.K.; Clark, C.K.; Wiley, J.S.; Havstad, K.M.; McInerney, M.J. 1990: Substitution of DL-methionine for soybean meal as a winter supplement for gestating cows grazing native range. Journal of Animal Science 68(12): 4361-4375
Lorenz, R.; Clemens, R.; Karl, M.; Classen, M. 1989: Substitution of F XIIi concentrate in ulcerative colitis. Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie 27(2): 87-90
Sost, D.; Amrhein, N. 1990: Substitution of Gly-96 to Ala in the 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase of Klebsiella pneumoniae results in a greatly reduced affinity for the herbicide glyphosate. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 282(2): 433-436
Partanen, J.; Campbell, R.D. 1991: Substitution of Ile-172 to Asn in the steroid 21-hydroxylase B (P450c21B) gene in a Finnish patient with the simple virilizing form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Human Genetics 87(6): 716-720
Zograf, I.N. 1986: Substitution of RNA-polymerase sigma-subunits and transcription regulation. Genetika 22(11): 2583-2592
Yoshimura, T.; Matsushima, Y.; Tanizawa, K.; Sung, M.H.; Yamauchi, T.; Wakayama, M.; Esaki, N.; Soda, K. 1990: Substitution of S-(beta-aminoethyl)-cysteine for active-site lysine of thermostable aspartate aminotransferase. Journal of Biochemistry 108(5): 699-700
Hirota, Y.; Kato, J.; Takeya, T. 1988: Substitution of Ser-17 of pp60c-src: biological and biochemical characterization in chicken embryo fibroblasts. Molecular and Cellular Biology 8(4): 1826-1830
Balasubramaniam, A.; Demel, R.A.; Murphy, R.F.; Sparrow, J.T.; Jackson, R.L. 1986: Substitution of Ser61----Gly61 in human apolipoprotein C-Ii does not alter its activation of lipoprotein lipase. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids 39(4): 341-346
Petrov, R.V.; Khaitov, R.M.; Kozhinova, E.V.; Evdakov, V.P. 1975: Substitution of T-cell function by poly-4-vinypyridine in the formation of the primary and secondary immune response. Tsitologiia 17(10): 1172-1176
Chaturvedi, V.; Donnelly-Roberts, D.L.; Lentz, T.L. 1992: Substitution of Torpedo acetylcholine receptor alpha 1-subunit residues with snake alpha 1- and rat nerve alpha 3-subunit residues in recombinant fusion proteins: effect on alpha-bungarotoxin binding. Biochemistry 31(5): 1370-1375
Dubois, J.; Chapman, S.K.; Mathews, F.S.; Reid, G.A.; Lederer, F. 1990: Substitution of Tyr254 with Phe at the active site of flavocytochrome b2: consequences on catalysis of lactate dehydrogenation. Biochemistry 29(27): 6393-6400
Bailone, A.; Sommer, S.; Knezević, J.; Devoret, R. 1991: Substitution of UmuD' for UmuD does not affect SOS mutagenesis. Biochimie 73(4): 471-478
Jacquet, E.; Parmeggiani, A. 1989: Substitution of Val20 by Gly in elongation factor Tu. Effects on the interaction with elongation factors Ts, aminoacyl-tRNA and ribosomes. European Journal of Biochemistry 185(2): 341-346
Mong, F.S. 1979: Substitution of a muscle of the leg for a suprahyoid muscle in rats. Journal of Oral Surgery 37(4): 245-249
Elson, E.C.; Ivor, L.; Gochman, N. 1978: Substitution of a non-hazardous chromogen for benzidine in the measurement of plasma hemoglobin. American Journal of Clinical Pathology 69(3): 354-355
Fröhlich, K.U.; Wiedmann, M.; Lottspeich, F.; Mecke, D. 1989: Substitution of a pentalenolactone-sensitive glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase by a genetically distinct resistant isoform accompanies pentalenolactone production in Streptomyces arenae. Journal of Bacteriology 171(12): 6696-6702
Gilles, A.M.; Saint-Girons, I.; Monnot, M.; Fermandjian, S.; Michelson, S.; Bârzu, O. 1986: Substitution of a serine residue for proline-87 reduces catalytic activity and increases susceptibility to proteolysis of Escherichia coli adenylate kinase. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 83(16): 5798-5802
Raab, E.L. 1979: Substitution of acetohexamide for acetazolamide. American Journal of Ophthalmology 87(6): 848-849
McIver, K.; Kessler, E.; Ohman, D.E. 1991: Substitution of active-site His-223 in Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase and expression of the mutated lasB alleles in Escherichia coli show evidence for autoproteolytic processing of proelastase. Journal of Bacteriology 173(24): 7781-7789
Schmidt, E.W.; Rasche, B.; Ulmer, W.T. 1988: Substitution of alpha 1-antitrypsin in patients with pulmonary emphysema and alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Innere Medizin 94: 6-11
Otto, H.; Marti, T.; Holz, M.; Mogi, T.; Stern, L.J.; Engel, F.; Khorana, H.G.; Heyn, M.P. 1990: Substitution of amino acids Asp-85, Asp-212, and Arg-82 in bacteriorhodopsin affects the proton release phase of the pump and the pK of the Schiff base. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 87(3): 1018-1022
Ahl, P.L.; Stern, L.J.; Mogi, T.; Khorana, H.G.; Rothschild, K.J. 1989: Substitution of amino acids in helix F of bacteriorhodopsin: effects on the photochemical cycle. Biochemistry 28(26): 10028-10034
Kuramitsu, S.; Inoue, Y.; Tanase, S.; Morino, Y.; Kagamiyama, H. 1987: Substitution of an arginyl residue for the active site lysyl residue (Lys258) of aspartate aminotransferase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 146(2): 416-421
Vilenchuk, E.A.; Nikitina, I.I. 1985: Substitution of an electric lamp in the surgical microscope "Karl Zeiss Jena" (East Germany). Vestnik Khirurgii Imeni I. I. Grekova 135(7): 117-118
Liggett, S.B.; Bouvier, M.; O'Dowd, B.F.; Caron, M.G.; Lefkowitz, R.J.; DeBlasi, A. 1989: Substitution of an extracellular cysteine in the beta 2-adrenergic receptor enhances agonist-promoted phosphorylation and receptor desensitization. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 165(1): 257-263
MacPhee, D.G. 1992: Substitution of animals in toxicology testing--a rush to judgement?. Medical Journal of Australia 156(3): 223-224
Blauhut, B.; Kramar, H.; Vinazzer, H.; Bergmann, H. 1985: Substitution of antithrombin IIi in shock and DIC: a randomized study. Thrombosis Research 39(1): 81-89
Derechin, V.M.; Blinder, M.A.; Tollefsen, D.M. 1990: Substitution of arginine for Leu444 in the reactive site of heparin cofactor Ii enhances the rate of thrombin inhibition. Journal of Biological Chemistry 265(10): 5623-5628
Bateman, J.F.; Lamande, S.R.; Dahl, H.H.; Chan, D.; Cole, W.G. 1988: Substitution of arginine for glycine 664 in the collagen alpha 1(I) chain in lethal perinatal osteogenesis imperfecta. Demonstration of the peptide defect by in vitro expression of the mutant cDNA. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(24): 11627-11630
Kadowaki, T.; Kadowaki, H.; Accili, D.; Yazaki, Y.; Taylor, S.I. 1991: Substitution of arginine for histidine at position 209 in the alpha-subunit of the human insulin receptor. a mutation that impairs receptor dimerization and transport of receptors to the cell surface. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(31): 21224-21231
Gould, R.M.; Plapp, B.V. 1990: Substitution of arginine for histidine-47 in the coenzyme binding site of yeast alcohol dehydrogenase i. Biochemistry 29(23): 5463-5468
Calabrese, L.; Polticelli, F.; O'Neill, P.; Galtieri, A.; Barra, D.; Schininà, E.; Bossa, F. 1989: Substitution of arginine for lysine 134 alters electrostatic parameters of the active site in shark Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase. Febs Letters 250(1): 49-52
Sun, W.Y.; Xiong, J.; Shulman, M.J. 1991: Substitution of asparagine for serine-406 of the immunoglobulin mu heavy chain alters glycosylation at asparagine-402. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 179(3): 1627-1634
Nose, M.; Leanderson, T. 1989: Substitution of asparagine324 with aspartic acid in the Fc portion of mouse antibodies reduces their capacity for C1q binding. European Journal of Immunology 19(11): 2179-2181
Tsukamoto, K.; Kikura, R.; Ohno, R.; Sawai, T. 1990: Substitution of aspartic acid-217 of Citrobacter freundii cephalosporinase and properties of the mutant enzymes. Febs Letters 264(2): 211-214
Ris-Stalpers, C.; Trifiro, M.A.; Kuiper, G.G.; Jenster, G.; Romalo, G.; Sai, T.; van Rooij, H.C.; Kaufman, M.; Rosenfield, R.L.; Liao, S. 1991: Substitution of aspartic acid-686 by histidine or asparagine in the human androgen receptor leads to a functionally inactive protein with altered hormone-binding characteristics. Molecular Endocrinology 5(10): 1562-1569
Harmark, K.; Anborgh, P.H.; Merola, M.; Clark, B.F.; Parmeggiani, A. 1992: Substitution of aspartic acid-80, a residue involved in coordination of magnesium, weakens the GTP binding and strongly enhances the GTPase of the G domain of elongation factor Tu. Biochemistry 31(32): 7367-7372
Kerner, W.; Wallmüller, G.; Beischer, W.; Pfeiffer, E.F. 1988: Substitution of basal delivery of insulin by proinsulin in type i diabetic patients under CSIi. Hormone and Metabolic Research. Suppl Series 18: 74-77
Cagle, P.; Hurst, D.; Saleem, A. 1986: Substitution of biochemical urine screening for routine urine microscopy. Texas Medicine 82(5): 41-42
Mironov, G.M.; Konovalov, V.A.; Chalyĭ, N.N. 1988: Substitution of bone defects of the extremities after gunshot fractures. Voenno-Meditsinskii Zhurnal 11: 28-30
Chan, A.W.; Langan, M.C.; Leong, F.W.; Penetrante, M.L.; Schanley, D.L.; Aldrich-Castanik, L. 1986: Substitution of chlordiazepoxide for ethanol in alcohol-dependent mice. Alcohol 3(5): 309-316
López-Prats Dasi, J.L.; Menchón Galiana, M.; López Prats, J.L. 1978: Substitution of corticoids by diclofenac in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Revista Espanola de Reumatismo y Enfermedades Osteoarticulares 21(1): 83-89
Nicholls, A.C.; Oliver, J.; Renouf, D.V.; Keston, M.; Pope, F.M. 1991: Substitution of cysteine for glycine at residue 415 of one allele of the alpha 1(I) chain of type i procollagen in type III/IV osteogenesis imperfecta. Journal of Medical Genetics 28(11): 757-764
Cohn, D.H.; Apone, S.; Eyre, D.R.; Starman, B.J.; Andreassen, P.; Charbonneau, H.; Nicholls, A.C.; Pope, F.M.; Byers, P.H. 1988: Substitution of cysteine for glycine within the carboxyl-terminal telopeptide of the alpha 1 chain of type i collagen produces mild osteogenesis imperfecta. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(29): 14605-14607
Steinmann, B.; Westerhausen, A.; Constantinou, C.D.; Superti-Furga, A.; Prockop, D.J. 1991: Substitution of cysteine for glycine-alpha 1-691 in the pro alpha 1(I) chain of type i procollagen in a proband with lethal osteogenesis imperfecta destabilizes the triple helix at a site C-terminal to the substitution. Biochemical Journal 279: 747-752
Fahey, T.D.; Kerr, T.; Ohelson, G.; Schroeder, R. 1977: Substitution of fingertip blood for venous blood in the measurement of hematocrit and hemoglobin following exercise. Research Quarterly 48(2): 293-298
David, I.; Filip, V.; Hellerová, P. 1986: Substitution of fluphenazine decanoate with oxyprothepine decanoate in long-term maintenance therapy in schizophrenia. Ceskoslovenska Psychiatrie 82(5): 313-317
Moscovice, I.; Davidson, G.; McCaffrey, D. 1988: Substitution of formal and informal care for the community-based elderly. Medical Care 26(10): 971-981
Terukina, S.; Matsuda, M.; Hirata, H.; Takeda, Y.; Miyata, T.; Takao, T.; Shimonishi, Y. 1988: Substitution of gamma Arg-275 by Cys in an abnormal fibrinogen, "fibrinogen Osaka II". Evidence for a unique solitary cystine structure at the mutation site. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(27): 13579-13587
Rosenthal, R.B. 1975: Overexposing patients to X-rays? Are you guilty?. Orange County Dental Society Bulletin 1975: 7-9; 11
Brzović, P.S.; Kayastha, A.M.; Miles, E.W.; Dunn, M.F. 1992: Substitution of glutamic acid 109 by aspartic acid alters the substrate specificity and catalytic activity of the beta-subunit in the tryptophan synthase bienzyme complex from Salmonella typhimurium. Biochemistry 31(4): 1180-1190
Futaki, S.; Ueno, H.; Martinez del Pozo, A.; Pospischil, M.A.; Manning, J.M.; Ringe, D.; Stoddard, B.; Tanizawa, K.; Yoshimura, T.; Soda, K. 1990: Substitution of glutamine for lysine at the pyridoxal phosphate binding site of bacterial D-amino acid transaminase. Effects of exogenous amines on the slow formation of intermediates. Journal of Biological Chemistry 265(36): 22306-22312
Itoh, Y.H.; Itoh, T.; Haruna, I.; Watanabe, I. 1977: Substitution of guanine for a specific base in tRNA by extracts of Ehrlich ascites tumour cells. Nature 267(5610): 467
Lowery, R.G.; Chang, C.L.; Davis, L.C.; McKenna, M.C.; Stephens, P.J.; Ludden, P.W. 1989: Substitution of histidine for arginine-101 of dinitrogenase reductase disrupts electron transfer to dinitrogenase. Biochemistry 28(3): 1206-1212
Cool, R.H.; Parmeggiani, A. 1991: Substitution of histidine-84 and the GTPase mechanism of elongation factor Tu. Biochemistry 30(2): 362-366
Hernández Fernández, C.; Moncada Iribarren, I.; Herranz Amo, F.; Jara Rascón, J.; Verdú Tartajo, F. 1992: Substitution of inferior vena cava for Gore-Tex ring prosthesis: experimental study. Archivos Espanoles de Urologia 45(3): 197-200
Pfeiffer, E.F.; Kerner, W.; Beischer, W. 1979: Substitution of islet cell function by mechanical device: extracorporeal artificial pancreas. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 119: 501-508
Hepp, K.D.; Renner, R.; Franetzki, M.; Mehnert, H. 1979: Substitution of islet-cell function with "open-loop" insulin infusion systems. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 119: 485-489
Stoffer, S.S. 1979: Substitution of levothyroxine products. JAMA 241(12): 1229
Bozdĕch, Z.; Kostivová, M. 1976: Substitution of ligaments using bands of plastic material. (Experimental study). Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca 43(5): 432-436
Sailer, D.; Lehmann, R.; Berg, G. 1977: Substitution of lipase in chronic pancreatitis. Die Medizinische Welt 28(10): 497-500
Malhotra, K.T.; Nicholas, R.A. 1992: Substitution of lysine 213 with arginine in penicillin-binding protein 5 of Escherichia coli abolishes D-alanine carboxypeptidase activity without affecting penicillin binding. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(16): 11386-11391
Sowek, J.A.; Singer, S.B.; Ohringer, S.; Malley, M.F.; Dougherty, T.J.; Gougoutas, J.Z.; Bush, K. 1991: Substitution of lysine at position 104 or 240 of TEM-1pTZ18R beta-lactamase enhances the effect of serine-164 substitution on hydrolysis or affinity for cephalosporins and the monobactam aztreonam. Biochemistry 30(13): 3179-3188
Defeo-Jones, D.; Tai, J.Y.; Vuocolo, G.A.; Wegrzyn, R.J.; Schofield, T.L.; Riemen, M.W.; Oliff, A. 1989: Substitution of lysine for arginine at position 42 of human transforming growth factor-alpha eliminates biological activity without changing internal disulfide bonds. Molecular and Cellular Biology 9(9): 4083-4086
Mauzy, C.; Wu, L.H.; Egloff, A.M.; Mirzadegan, T.; Chung, F.Z. 1992: Substitution of lysine-181 to aspartic acid in the third transmembrane region of the endothelin (ET) type B receptor selectively reduces its high-affinity binding with ET-3 peptide. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 20(Suppl 12): S5-S7
Stern, L.J.; Ahl, P.L.; Marti, T.; Mogi, T.; Duñach, M.; Berkowitz, S.; Rothschild, K.J.; Khorana, H.G. 1989: Substitution of membrane-embedded aspartic acids in bacteriorhodopsin causes specific changes in different steps of the photochemical cycle. Biochemistry 28(26): 10035-10042
Bowton, D.L.; Goldsmith, W.M.; Haponik, E.F. 1992: Substitution of metered-dose inhalers for hand-held nebulizers. Success and cost savings in a large, acute-care hospital. Chest 101(2): 305-308
Stoll, W. 1987: Substitution of minerals, trace elements and vitamins in pregnancy. Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 241 Suppl: S72-S73
Festa, M.; Santé, P.; Giannolo, B.; Micheletti, E.; Falco, A. 1988: Substitution of mitral valve with a Sorin prosthesis. Mid-term results. Minerva Cardioangiologica 36(12): 597-600
Brozek, G.; Buresová, O.; Brácha, V.; Bures, J. 1985: Substitution of natural conditioned and unconditioned stimuli by artificial stimuli does not prevent acquisition of conditioned taste aversion in rats. Physiologia Bohemoslovaca 34 Suppl: 13-16
Shimayama, T.; Sawata, S.; Komiyama, M.; Takagi, Y.; Tanaka, Y.; Wada, A.; Sugimoto, N.; Rossi, J.J.; Nishikawa, F.; Nishikawa, S. 1992: Substitution of non-catalytic stem and loop regions of hammerhead ribozyme with DNA counterparts only increases KM without sacrificing the catalytic step (kcat): a way to improve substrate-specificity. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series 27: 17-18
Semmes, O.J.; Riehm, J.P.; Rao, K.R. 1985: Substitution of norleucine for methionine residues in a crustacean pigment-dispersing hormone. Peptides 6(3): 491-494
Wondrack, L.M.; Warn, B.J.; Saewert, M.D.; Abbott, M.T. 1979: Substitution of nucleoside triphosphates for ascorbate in the thymine 7-hydroxylase reaction of Rhodotorula glutinis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 254(1): 26-29
Freiberg, L. 1979: Substitution of outpatient care for inpatient care:problems and experience. Journal of Health Politics Policy and Law 3(4): 479-496
Elnicki, R.A. 1976: Substitution of outpatient for inpatient hospital care: a cost analysis. Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization Provision and Financing 13(3): 245-261
Kikugawa, K.; Kato, T.; Kojima, K. 1992: Substitution of p- and o-hydroxyphenyl radicals at the 8 position of purine nucleosides by reaction with mutagenic p- and o-diazoquinones. Mutation Research 268(1): 65-75
Dunnett, J.; Nayler, W.G. 1976: Substitution of phosphate for oxalate in the study of calcium accumulation and release by cardiac microsomal fractions. Recent Advances in Studies on Cardiac Structure and Metabolism 11: 213-218
Donella-Deana, A.; Varro, A.; Dockray, G.J.; Pinna, L.A. 1991: Substitution of phosphotyrosine for sulphotyrosine in biologically active peptides. Enzymatic phosphorylation of a progastrin peptide confers immunoreactivity reminiscent of the sulphated derivative. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1095(1): 75-77
Groenewegen, P.P. 1991: Substitution of primary care and specialist care: a regional analysis in Denmark. Social Science and Medicine 33(4): 471-476
Cool, R.H.; Jensen, M.; Jonák, J.; Clark, B.F.; Parmeggiani, A. 1990: Substitution of proline 82 by threonine induces autophosphorylating activity in GTP-binding domain of elongation factor Tu. Journal of Biological Chemistry 265(12): 6744-6749
Copeland, T.D.; Wondrak, E.M.; Tozser, J.; Roberts, M.M.; Oroszlan, S. 1990: Substitution of proline with pipecolic acid at the scissile bond converts a peptide substrate of HIV proteinase into a selective inhibitor. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 169(1): 310-314
Schubert, R.; Gruhn, K. 1976: Substitution of protein animal feed through lysine-supplemented high-protein wheat during the breeding and laying periods of hens. 5. Influence of graded lysine supplements fed during the laying period on the production characteristics of hens. Archiv für Tierernahrung 26(2): 99-110
Gruhn, K.; Schubert, R. 1975: Substitution of protein feed through lysine-supplemented high-protein wheat during the breeding and laying period of hens. 1. Problems, analytical methods used and results obtained in the chick period. Archiv für Tierernahrung 25(4): 271-280
Hennig, A.; Schubert, R.; Jeroch, H.; Gruhn, K. 1976: Substitution of protein feed through lysine-supplemented high-protein wheat during the rearing and laying period of hens. 2. Effect of graded lysine doses on food consumption and the rate of weight gain in young hens. Archiv für Tierernahrung 25(7): 531-539
Schubert, R.; Gruhn, K. 1975: Substitution of protein feed through lysine-supplemented high-protein wheat during the rearing and laying period of hens. 3. Effect of graded lysine doses on the crude nutrient content of carcasses and on the level of amino acids and GOT activity in the blood of young hens. Archiv für Tierernahrung 25(9-10): 657-669
Gruhn, K.; Jeroch, H.; Hennig, A.; Schubert, R. 1975: Substitution of protein feed through lysine-supplemented high-protein wheat during the rearing and laying period of hens. 4. Effect of graded lysine doses during the rearing of young hens on the performance characteristics during the laying period. Archiv für Tierernahrung 25(9-10): 671-681
Yutrzenka, G.J.; Patrick, G.A.; Rosenberger, W. 1990: Substitution of psychoactive drugs in pentobarbital-dependent rats. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 26(1): 9-17
Hou, J.; Kan, M.; Wang, F.; Xu, J.M.; Nakahara, M.; McBride, G.; McKeehan, K.; McKeehan, W.L. 1992: Substitution of putative half-cystine residues in heparin-binding fibroblast growth factor receptors. Loss of binding activity in both two and three loop isoforms. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(25): 17804-17808
Riedemann, S.; Zamora, J. 1977: Substitution of rabbit serum in the culture medium for Leptospira. use of bovine amniotic fluid. Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiologia 19(2): 83-86
Dostál, J.; Havránek, M.; Matousek, J.; Stanĕk, R.; Linhart, J. 1978: Substitution of ribonuclease in relation to its activity. International Journal of Biochemistry 9(9): 667-680
Foster, B.; Williams, R.B. 1989: Substitution of self-reporting for observing time spent on work activities by mental health professionals. Psychological Reports 64(3 Pt 1): 945-946
Collatz, E.; Tran Van Nhieu, G.; Billot-Klein, D.; Williamson, R.; Gutmann, L. 1989: Substitution of serine for arginine in position 162 of TEM-type beta-lactamases extends the substrate profile of mutant enzymes, TEM-7 and TEM-101, to ceftazidime and aztreonam. Gene 78(2): 349-354
Gazsó, I.; Kubatov, M.; Nyárády, J. 1991: Substitution of soft tissue defects of septic origin on the back of the hand by transplantation of a free composite flap. Magyar Traumatologia Orthopaedia Es Helyreallito Sebeszet 34(2): 117-120
Anonymous 1988: Substitution of surgeon without patient's knowledge. Delaware Medical Journal 60(1): 11
Yutrzenka, G.J.; Patrick, G.A.; Rosenberger, W. 1989: Substitution of temazepam and midazolam in pentobarbital-dependent rats. Physiology and Behavior 46(1): 55-60
Green, P.L.; Kaehler, D.A.; McKearn, J.; Risser, R. 1988: Substitution of the LTR of Abelson murine leukemia virus does not alter the cell type of virally induced tumors. Oncogene 2(6): 585-592
Paquette, Y.; Kay, D.G.; Rassart, E.; Robitaille, Y.; Jolicoeur, P. 1990: Substitution of the U3 long terminal repeat region of the neurotropic Cas-Br-E retrovirus affects its disease-inducing potential. Journal of Virology 64(8): 3742-3752
Van Rens, T.J.; van den Berg, A.F.; Huiskes, R.; Kuypers, W. 1986: Substitution of the anterior cruciate ligament: a long-term histologic and biomechanical study with autogenous pedicled grafts of the iliotibial band in dogs. Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery: Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association 2(3): 139-154
Kalil, R.K.; Furian, A.; Moreira, G.B.; Prates, P.R.; Lucchese, F.A.; Bertoletti, V.E.; Pereira, E.M.; Nesralla, I.A. 1976: Substitution of the aortic and mitral valve by Lillehei Kaster prosthesis. Analysis of 55 cases. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 29(3): 181-184
Schlosser, V.; Barmeyer, J.; Spillner, G.; Wink, K. 1976: Substitution of the aortic value in florid bacterial endocarditis and severe aortic valvular insufficiency. Mmw Munchener Medizinische Wochenschrift 118(42): 1341-1344
Pavlanský, R.; Hudler, J.; Stoy, V.; Jirko, P.; Gabrielová, Z. 1976: Substitution of the articular cartilage by hydrogel in experiment. Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca 43(2): 109-114
Chuĭkin, A.E.; Ivanov, K.P.; Moskovskaia, S.V.; Petrova, O.A. 1987: Substitution of the blood of animals with solutions of modified hemoglobin having low and high oxygen affinity. Gematologiia i Transfuziologiia 32(7): 45-49
Simiti, I.; Coman, M.; Muresan, A. 1976: Substitution of the carboxylic group by bromine in the series of 2-aryl-4-R-5-carboxythiazoles. Archiv der Pharmazie 309(2): 128-130
Serrano Rebeil, A.; del Castillo Ancira, C.F.; González Serrano, F.; Gallo Reynoso, S.; Huerta Rivadeneyra, X.; Juárez de la Cruz, F.; de la Rosa Laris, C. 1985: Substitution of the cervical esophagus with a free graft of revascularized small intestine. Revista de Investigacion Clinica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutricion 37(1): 1-4
Krause, G.; Holmgren, A. 1991: Substitution of the conserved tryptophan 31 in Escherichia coli thioredoxin by site-directed mutagenesis and structure-function analysis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(7): 4056-4066
Kauffer, S.; Deckers-Hebestreit, G.; Altendorf, K. 1991: Substitution of the cysteinyl residue (Cys21) of subunit b of the ATP synthase from Escherichia coli. European Journal of Biochemistry 202(3): 1307-1312
Camprasse, G.; Camprasse, S.; Gill, G.A. 1988: Substitution of the dental root by aquatic invertebrate skeletons in animals and man. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences. Serie Iii Sciences de la Vie 307(8): 485-491
Silva-Cuevas, A.; Villegas-Borrel, J.L.; Iniguez-Iniguez, J.; González-Lara, D. 1978: Substitution of the esophagus by a gastric tube at the major and minor curvatures. Gaceta Medica de Mexico 114(10): 477-485
Movshovich, I.A.; Khusnitdinov, A.; Eldyshev, I.L. 1979: Substitution of the hip joint with the metallopolymeric prosthesis. Ortopediia Travmatologiia i Protezirovanie 11: 37-41
Yamada, K.; Goncalves, E.; Kahn, C.R.; Shoelson, S.E. 1992: Substitution of the insulin receptor transmembrane domain with the c-neu/erbB2 transmembrane domain constitutively activates the insulin receptor kinase in vitro. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(18): 12452-12461
Iglesias, A.; Castro Beiras, A.; Rufilanchas, J.J.; Téllez, G.; Maroñas, J.M.; de Artaza, M.; Figuera, D. 1977: Substitution of the mitral valve with acute pulmonary hypertension. Long term results and evaluation. Archivos del Instituto de Cardiologia de Mexico 47(4): 460-466
Esser, E.; Austermann, K.H.; Schmallenbach, H.J. 1978: Substitution of the red part of the lip with a pedicled tongue graft. Fortschritte der Kiefer- und Gesichts-Chirurgie 23: 31-33
Schulz, M.R.; Siedschlag, W.D.; Bauer, C.F. 1985: Substitution of the superior sagittal sinus by the Gore-Tex artificial prosthesis in experimental animals. Zeitschrift für Experimentelle Chirurgie Transplantation und Kunstliche Organe: Organ der Sektion Experimentelle Chirurgie der Gesellschaft für Chirurgie der Ddr 18(4): 245-250
Mihály, F.; Vilmos, B. 1975: Substitution of the tendon sheath by autologous vein in the "no-man's land" of the hand. Magyar Traumatologia Orthopaedia Es Helyreallito Sebeszet 18(1): 42ł
Ristić, D.; Brzaković, I.; Marusić, G.; Ristić, D. 1990: Substitution of the ureter with a segment of the major saphenous vein in dogs. Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica 37(Suppl 1): 95-97
Morote, J.; Quintanilla, B.; López-Pacios, M.A.; Tremps, E.; Fakiani, A. 1988: Substitution of the ureter with ileum in renal transplantation. Actas Urologicas Espanolas 12(3): 271-274
Mándi, A.; Kiss, I. 1976: Substitution of tumorous bone segments by Palacos. Beitrage Zur Orthopadie und Traumatologie 23(4): 213-217
Fitts, R.; Reuveny, Z.; van Amsterdam, J.; Mulholland, J.; Botstein, D. 1987: Substitution of tyrosine for either cysteine in beta-lactamase prevents release from the membrane during secretion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 84(23): 8540-8543
Favre, A.; Bezerra, R.; Hajnsdorf, E.; Lemaigre Dubreuil, Y.; Expert-Bezançon, A. 1986: Substitution of uridine in vivo by the intrinsic photoactivable probe 4-thiouridine in Escherichia coli RNA. its use for E. coli ribosome structural analysis. European Journal of Biochemistry 160(3): 441-449
Henriksen, R.A.; Mann, K.G. 1989: Substitution of valine for glycine-558 in the congenital dysthrombin thrombin Quick Ii alters primary substrate specificity. Biochemistry 28(5): 2078-2082
Tompa, G.; Gyöngyössi, G.; Géhl, A.; Arday, G. 1975: Substitution of venous valves in animal experiments. Zeitschrift für Experimentelle Chirurgie 8(3): 148-151
Gmür, J.; Baumberger, U.; von Felten, A. 1976: Substitution ofpolysensitized patients with platelets from HL-A typed single donors. Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift 106(40): 1358-1359
Heyl, D.L.; Mosberg, H.I. 1992: Substitution on the Phe3 aromatic ring in cyclic delta opioid receptor-selective dermorphin/deltorphin tetrapeptide analogues: electronic and lipophilic requirements for receptor affinity. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 35(9): 1535-1541
Young, W.W. 1986: Substitution permissible. JAMA 255(7): 942-943
Baldas, J.; Bonnyman, J. 1985: Substitution reactions of 99mTcNCl-4--A route to a new class of 99mTc-radiopharmaceuticals. International Journal of Applied Radiation and Isotopes 36(2): 133-139
Pasternack, R.F.; Gillies, B.S.; Stromsted, J.P. 1978: Substitution reactions of a water-soluble metalloporphyrin with azide and 1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-2-thiourea. Bioinorganic Chemistry 8(1): 33-44
Aronovitch, J.; Godinger, D.; Goldstein, S.; Czapski, G. 1987: Substitution reactions of iron-bleomycin-DNA with EDTA, detapac or desferrioxamine. Journal of Antibiotics 40(9): 1344-1348
Retout, A.; Brasseur, G.; Charlin, J.F.; Hubault, D.; Langlois, J. 1988: Substitution technics in traumatic Vi paralysis. Bulletin des Societes d'Ophtalmologie de France 88(8-9): 1073-1076
Farber, C.M.; Gourdin, A.; Lambermont, M.; Gilbert, C.; Van Vooren, J.P. 1992: Substitution therapy for C1 esterase deficiency. Lancet 339(8785): 119
Stössel, U.; Brändli, O. 1991: Substitution therapy in alpha 1-protease inhibitor deficiency (alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency). Schweizerische Rundschau für Medizin Praxis 80(48): 1344-1348
Nieuwenhuijzen Kruseman, A.C.; Geelhoed-Duijvesteijn, P.H. 1987: Substitution therapy in hypothyroidism. Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde 131(41): 1803-1807
Iartsev, M.N.; Gomes, L.A. 1989: Substitution therapy in immunologic deficiency syndromes. Pediatriia 12: 71-76
Meili, E.O.; Kaufmann, L.; Schneider, W. 1979: Substitution therapy in operations on hemophiliacs. Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Therapeutique 36(4): 307-310
Kilian, J. 1989: Substitution therapy in the restoration of the mother's homeostasis. Klinische Anasthesiologie und Intensivtherapie 37: 84-90
Baklaja, R.; Cvetković, V.; Stajić, M.; Andelić, M. 1976: Substitution therapy in the treatment of acute leukoses. Bilten Za Hematologiju i Transfuziju 4(1-2): 19-27
Haracić, M. 1977: Substitution therapy of coagulopathies. Bilten Za Hematologiju i Transfuziju 5(2): 51-61
Vlcková, M. 1979: Substitution therapy of hemophilia a. Vnitrni Lekarstvi 25(3): 295-300
Haupt, H. 1975: Substitution therapy of hemorrhagic diseases. Anasthesiologische und Intensivmedizinische Praxis 11(1): 137-144
Bleha, O.; Límanová, Z.; Kracmar, P. 1977: Substitution therapy of hypothroidism. Vnitrni Lekarstvi 23(7): 628-634
Blix, O. 1986: Substitution therapy of opioid withdrawal. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. Supplementum 327: 74-79
Baudo, F.; Caimi, M.T.; Redaelli, R.; Cattaneo, D.; De Gasperi, A.; Belli, L.; de Cataldo, F. 1990: Substitution therapy with antithrombin IIi in orthotopic liver transplantation: possible effect on hemorrhage reduction. Haematologica 75(Suppl 2): 41-49
Will, C.; Schröder, F. 1979: Substitution therapy with human PPSB in patients on anti-coagulants as preparation for oral surgery. Osterreichische Zeitschrift für Stomatologie 76(5): 176-180
Degerblad, M.; Grunditz, R.; Hall, K.; Sjöberg, H.E.; Sääf, M.; Thorén, M. 1987: Substitution therapy with recombinant growth hormone (somatrem) in adults with growth hormone deficiency. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica. Suppl 337: 170-171
Ortega Aramburu, J.J.; Tusell, J.; Alonso, J.L.; Creixell, J. 1979: Substitution treatment in congenital deficiency of coagulation factors, excluding hemophilia. Sangre 24(5-C): 937-961
Schimpf, K. 1977: Substitution treatment in hemophilia. Critical measures and complications. Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift 127(11): 329-337
Duckert, F. 1975: Substitution treatment of hemophilia a and b. Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift 105(24): 783-784
Rasche, H. 1986: Substitution with blood coagulation factor XIIi concentrates in patients with acute leukemia. Beitrage Zu Infusionstherapie und Klinische Ernahrung 15: 179-186
Van Wel, T. 1990: Substitution with the hand on the purse-string. Tvz: Het Vakblad Voor de Verpleging 14: 459-461
Anonymous 1979: Substitution, dispensing, etc. American Family Physician 19(4): 77
Anonymous 1979: Substitution: an update. American Family Physician 19(6): 70-72
Springer, V.; Majtás, J.; Kotoucková, M. 1992: Substitutional relations in the expression of drug consumption. Ceskoslovenska Farmacie 41(4-5): 152-154
Dixon, R.; Eydmann, T.; Henderson, N.; Austin, S. 1991: Substitutions at a single amino acid residue in the nitrogen-regulated activator protein NTRC differentially influence its activity in response to phosphorylation. Molecular Microbiology 5(7): 1657-1667
Margolin, N.; Heath, W.; Osborne, E.; Lai, M.; Vlahos, C. 1990: Substitutions at the P2' site of gag p17-p24 affect cleavage efficiency by HIV-1 protease. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 167(2): 554-560
Marsh, L. 1992: Substitutions in the hydrophobic core of the alpha-factor receptor of Saccharomyces cerevisiae permit response to Saccharomyces kluyveri alpha-factor and to antagonist. Molecular and Cellular Biology 12(9): 3959-3966
Andino, R.; Rieckhof, G.E.; Trono, D.; Baltimore, D. 1990: Substitutions in the protease (3Cpro) gene of poliovirus can suppress a mutation in the 5' noncoding region. Journal of Virology 64(2): 607-612
Okamoto, K.; Okamoto, K.; Yukitake, J.; Kawamoto, Y.; Miyama, A. 1987: Substitutions of cysteine residues of Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin by oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis. Infection and Immunity 55(9): 2121-2125
Hilbich, C.; Kisters-Woike, B.; Reed, J.; Masters, C.L.; Beyreuther, K. 1992: Substitutions of hydrophobic amino acids reduce the amyloidogenicity of Alzheimer's disease beta A4 peptides. Journal of Molecular Biology 228(2): 460-473
Casabona, E.M.; Margarino, G.; Carbone, P. 1985: Substitutive metal-acrylic endoprosthesis of the mandible. Minerva Stomatologica 34(6): 905-912
Martinelli, B. 1975: Substitutive surgery of the proximal end of the radius with an endoprosthesis. La Chirurgia Degli Organi di Movimento 62(2): 181-191
Liberatore, A.; Carrera, G.; Calciolari, G.; Coccia, C.; Coppalini, B.; Fulconis, F.; Moro, G.; Scimone, F.; Villa, G.; Minoli, I. 1987: Substitutive therapy with surfactants in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome. Annali Dell'ospedale Maria Vittoria di Torino 30: 28-35
Allain, J.P.; Steinbuch, M.; Meunier, L.; Muller, J.Y.; Soulier, J.P. 1976: Substitutive treatment of hemopjolia a using a new factor VIIi concentrate. La Nouvelle Presse Medicale 5(16): 1047-1050
Grazi, E.; Trombetta, G.; Rizzieri, L.; Guidoboni, M. 1989: Substoichiometric concentrations of ATP-G-actin are required to anneal actin polymerized by calcium ions. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 159(1): 7-13
Brenner, S.L.; Korn, E.D. 1979: Substoichiometric concentrations of cytochalasin D inhibit actin polymerization. Additional evidence for an F-actin treadmill. Journal of Biological Chemistry 254(20): 9982-9985
Reddy, P.C.; Polaiah, B.; Rangamannar, B. 1990: Substoichiometric determination of zinc with potassium ethyl xanthate. Radioisotopes 39(11): 496-498
Smith, S.L.; Jennett, R.B.; Sorrell, M.F.; Tuma, D.J. 1992: Substoichiometric inhibition of microtubule formation by acetaldehyde-tubulin adducts. Biochemical Pharmacology 44(1): 65-72
Reddy, P.C.; Rangamannar, B. 1990: Substoichiometric radiochemical determination of silver with potassium ethyl xanthate in photofilm washings. Radioisotopes 39(5): 216-218
Clément, J.P.; Burelle, H.; Colleter, J.F.; Corbeau, A. 1976: Substraction in gastrointestinal angiography. Journal de Radiologie d'Electrologie et de Medecine Nucleaire 57(6-7): 539-544
Morera, C.; Soler, F.; Marco, J. 1977: Substraction radiography in E.N.T. Anales Otorrinolaringologicos Ibero-Americanos 4(5): 539-546
Watanabe, H. 1987: Substrain differences of age-related changes in in vivo dopamine synthesis in the striatum and nucleus accumbens of the rat brain. Journal of Pharmacobio-Dynamics 10(7): 317-320
Korn, J.H. 1985: Substrain heterogeneity in prostaglandin E2 synthesis of human dermal fibroblasts. Differences in prostaglandin E2 synthetic capacity of substrains are not stimulus-restricted. Arthritis and Rheumatism 28(3): 315-322
Krainev, A.G.; Weiner, L.M.; Kondrashin, S.K.; Kanaeva, I.P.; Bachmanova, G.I. 1991: Substrate access channel geometry of soluble and membrane-bound cytochromes P450 as studied by interactions with type Ii substrate analogues. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 288(1): 17-21
Cauet, G.; Friboulet, A.; Thomas, D. 1987: Substrate activation and thermal denaturation kinetics of the tetrameric and the trypsin-generated monomeric forms of horse serum butyrylcholinesterase. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 912(3): 338-342
Park, S.H.; Harris, B.G.; Cook, P.F. 1989: Substrate activation by malate induced by oxalate in the Ascaris suum NAD-malic enzyme reaction. Biochemistry 28(15): 6334-6340
Oliveira, L.; Araujo-Viel, M.S.; Juliano, L.; Prado, E.S. 1987: Substrate activation of porcine pancreatic kallikrein by N alpha derivatives of arginine 4-nitroanilides. Biochemistry 26(16): 5032-5035
Bennett, L.L.; Allan, P.W.; Elliott, R.D.; Montgomery, J.A. 1979: Substrate activities for adenosine kinase and adenosine deaminase in relation to the cytotoxicities of some O6-alkyl derivatives of 8-azainosine and 8-azaguanosine. Biochemical Pharmacology 28(6): 946-948
Tyhach, R.J.; Rosenthal, A.F.; Tropp, B.E. 1975: Substrate activity of phosphonic acid analogues of CDPdiglyceride in the synthesis of phosphoglycerides in Escherichia coli. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 388(1): 29-37
Kawaguchi, T.; Igarashi, S.; Wakabayashi, H.; Yokoya, S.; Fukui, K. 1992: Substrate adhesiveness and experimental metastatic potential of rat ascites hepatoma AH7974-derived variant sublines. Clinical and Experimental Metastasis 10(4): 225-238
Abrashev, I.; Velcheva, P.; Kurteva, I. 1979: Substrate affinity of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae neuraminidase for kappa-casein. Acta Microbiologica Bulgarica 4: 27-32
Alexander, H.R.; DePippo, P.; Rao, S.; Burt, M.E. 1990: Substrate alterations in a sarcoma-bearing rat model: effect of tumor growth and resection. Journal of Surgical Research 48(5): 471-475
Raju, B.; Deshpande, M.S. 1991: Substrate analog inhibitors of HIV-1 protease containing phenylnorstatine as a transition state element. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 180(1): 181-186
Tomasselli, A.G.; Olsen, M.K.; Hui, J.O.; Staples, D.J.; Sawyer, T.K.; Heinrikson, R.L.; Tomich, C.S. 1990: Substrate analogue inhibition and active site titration of purified recombinant HIV-1 protease. Biochemistry 29(1): 264-269
Raddatz, P.; Jonczyk, A.; Schmitges, C.J.; Sombroek, J. 1991: Substrate analogue renin inhibitors containing replacements of histidine in P2 or isosteres of the amide bond between P3 and P2 sites. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 306: 387-390
Wackett, L.P.; Honek, J.F.; Begley, T.P.; Wallace, V.; Orme-Johnson, W.H.; Walsh, C.T. 1987: Substrate analogues as mechanistic probes of methyl-S-coenzyme M reductase. Biochemistry 26(19): 6012-6018
Wettermark, G.; Stymne, H. 1975: Substrate analyses in single cells. I. Determination of ATP. Analytical Biochemistry 63(2): 293-307
Mullen, G.P.; Shenbagamurthi, P.; Mildvan, A.S. 1989: Substrate and DNA binding to a 50-residue peptide fragment of DNA polymerase I. Comparison with the enzyme. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264(33): 19637-19647
Moss, J.; Manganiello, V.C.; Vaughan, M. 1977: Substrate and effector specificity of a guanosine 3':5'-monophosphate phosphodiesterase from rat liver. Journal of Biological Chemistry 252(15): 5211-5215
Mejillano, M.R.; Wendland, M.F.; Everett, G.W.; Rabinowitz, J.C.; Himes, R.H. 1986: Substrate and inhibitor activities of the screw sense isomers of metal-nucleotide complexes in the formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase reaction. Biochemistry 25(5): 1067-1072
Humphreys, C.J.; Beidler, D.; Rudnick, G. 1991: Substrate and inhibitor binding and translocation by the platelet plasma membrane serotonin transporter. Biochemical Society Transactions 19(1): 95-98
Hoffman, A.R.; Ciaranello, R.D.; Axelrod, J. 1975: Substrate and inhibitor kinetics of bovine phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase. Biochemical Pharmacology 24(4): 544-546
Hupperich, M.; Thomer, A.; Kratz, K.; Eggerer, H. 1991: Substrate and inhibitor specificity of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase determined with substrate-analogue CoA-thioesters and CoA-thioethers. Biological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler 372(9): 857-863
Brick, I.L.; Brestkin, A.P.; Mandelshtam, J.E.; Sazonova, I.N. 1975: Substrate and inhibitor specificity of cholinesterases from certain insects. Environmental Quality and Safety. Supplement 3: 539-543
Pozsgay, M.; Michaud, C.; Liebman, M.; Orlowski, M. 1986: Substrate and inhibitor studies of thermolysin-like neutral metalloendopeptidase from kidney membrane fractions. Comparison with bacterial thermolysin. Biochemistry 25(6): 1292-1299
Murphy, D.L.; Donnelly, C.H.; Richelson, E. 1976: Substrate and inhibitor-related characteristics of monoamine oxidase in C6 rat glial cells. Journal of Neurochemistry 26(6): 1231-1235
Kashchenko, V.E.; Shavlovskiĭ, G.M.; Babiak, L.I.; Zhilenko, L.N. 1978: Substrate and inhibitory specificity of riboflavin kinase from Pichia guilliermondii yeast. Biokhimiia 43(12): 2201-2210
Ugolev, A.M.; Zaripov, B.Z. 1978: Substrate and non-substrate regulation of the mass and enzyme activity of the mucosa of the small intestine (hypothesis concerning the existence of endogenous physiologically active substances, acting through chyme--"chymohormones" and "chymochalones"). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 238(5): 1244-1247
Almond, M.K.; Smith, A.; Cohen, R.D.; Iles, R.A.; Flynn, G. 1991: Substrate and pH effects on glutamine synthesis in rat liver. Consequences for acid-base regulation. Biochemical Journal 278: 709-714
Ugolev, A.M.; Roscina, G.M.; Skvorcovaja, N.B. 1979: Substrate and parasubstrate regulation of physiological processes at various levels of the organization of living systems as illustrated by examples of the regulation of appetite, of the specific dynamic action of food and of the inhibition of processes of absorption. Die Nahrung 23(4): 361-370
Fischer, E.; Varga, F. 1985: Substrate and phenobarbital induction of the biliary excretion of exogenous organic anions in rats. Archives of Toxicology. Supplement. 8: 345-347
Testa, B. 1988: Substrate and product stereoselectivity in monooxygenase-mediated drug activation and inactivation. Biochemical Pharmacology 37(1): 85-92
Lee, T.H.; Drazen, J.M.; Lewis, R.A.; Austen, K.F. 1985: Substrate and regulatory functions of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids for the 5-lipoxygenase pathway. Implications for pulmonary responses. Progress in Biochemical Pharmacology 20: 1-17
Cecere, F.; Galli, G.; Morisi, F. 1975: Substrate and steric specificity of hydropyrimidine hydrase. Febs Letters 57(2): 192-194
Blatchford, D.; Holzbauer, M.; Youdim, M.B. 1975: Substrate and strain-dependent differences in the development of monoamine oxidase in the rat brain. British Journal of Pharmacology 54(2): 251P-252P
Deville-Bonne, D.; Laine, R.; Garel, J.R. 1991: Substrate antagonism in the kinetic mechanism of E. coli phosphofructokinase-1. Febs Letters 290(1-2): 173-176
Shearwin, K.E.; Winzor, D.J. 1988: Substrate as a source of thermodynamic nonideality in enzyme kinetic studies: invertase-catalyzed hydrolysis of sucrose. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 260(2): 532-539
Avogaro, A.; Nosadini, R.; Doria, A.; Tremolada, C.; Baccaglini, U.; Ambrosio, F.; Merkel, C.; Nosadini, A.; Trevisan, R.; Fioretto, P. 1990: Substrate availability other than glucose in the brain during euglycemia and insulin-induced hypoglycemia in dogs. Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental 39(1): 46-50
Bozhok, I.M. 1975: Substrate basis of the adhesion of the adenohypophyseal and diencephalic cell layers and cell anlagen in chick embryos. Tsitologiia i Genetika 9(4): 359-360
Karplus, P.A.; Schulz, G.E. 1989: Substrate binding and catalysis by glutathione reductase as derived from refined enzyme: substrate crystal structures at 2 a resolution. Journal of Molecular Biology 210(1): 163-180
Pickover, C.A.; McKay, D.B.; Engelman, D.M.; Steitz, T.A. 1979: Substrate binding closes the cleft between the domains of yeast phosphoglycerate kinase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 254(22): 11323-11329
Basu, A.; Tirumalai, R.S.; Modak, M.J. 1989: Substrate binding in human immunodeficiency virus reverse transcriptase. An analysis of pyridoxal 5'-phosphate sensitivity and identification of lysine 263 in the substrate-binding domain. Journal of Biological Chemistry 264(15): 8746-8752
Dua, R.D.; Kochhar, S. 1986: Substrate binding nodes of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens alpha-amylase. Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics 23(3): 133-139
Jabalquinto, A.M.; Cardemil, E. 1989: Substrate binding order in mevalonate 5-diphosphate decarboxylase from chicken liver. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 996(3): 257-259
Massey, T.H.; Fessler, D.C. 1976: Substrate binding properties of converting enzyme using a series of p-nitrophenylalanyl derivatives of angiotensin i. Biochemistry 15(22): 4906-4912
Kristjansson, J.K.; Hollocher, T.C. 1979: Substrate binding site for nitrate reductase of Escherichia coli is on the inner aspect of the membrane. Journal of Bacteriology 137(3): 1227-1233
Bertrand, R.; Barman, T.E.; Travers, F. 1979: Substrate binding sites on arginine phosphokinase (Homarus vulgaris). Biochimie 61(5-6): 705-709
Ebel, R.E.; O'Keeffe, D.H.; Peterson, J.A. 1978: Substrate binding to hepatic microsomal cytochrome P-450. Influence of the microsomal membrane. Journal of Biological Chemistry 253(11): 3888-3897
Shapiro, A.B.; McCarty, R.E. 1990: Substrate binding-induced alteration of nucleotide binding site properties of chloroplast coupling factor 1. Journal of Biological Chemistry 265(8): 4340-4347
Gutfreund, H.; Chock, P.B. 1991: Substrate channeling among glycolytic enzymes: fact or fiction. Journal of Theoretical Biology 152(1): 117-121
Datta, A.; Merz, J.M.; Spivey, H.O. 1985: Substrate channeling of oxalacetate in solid-state complexes of malate dehydrogenase and citrate synthase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 260(28): 15008-15012
Sweet, F.; Patrick, T.B.; Judd, R.M. 1978: Substrate characteristics of progesterone-albumin conjugates with 20beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 83(1): 187-194
Jupp, R.A.; Richards, A.D.; Phylip, L.H.; Kay, J.; Konvalinka, J.; Strop, P.; Kostka, V.; Scarborough, P.E.; Farmerie, W.G.; Dunn, B.M. 1991: Substrate cleavage by HIV-1 proteinase. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 306: 461-467
Mathupala, S.; Saha, B.C.; Zeikus, J.G. 1990: Substrate competition and specificity at the active site of amylopullulanase from Clostridium thermohydrosulfuricum. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 166(1): 126-132
Liebling, M.R.; Barnett, E.V. 1977: Substrate competition between DNase i and anti-DNA antibody. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 8(1): 80-89
Ferrannini, E.; Bonadonna, R. 1986: Substrate competition: its role in insulin resistance. Minerva Endocrinologica 11(1): 35-44
Shibaoka, T.; Inatani, T.; Hiromi, K.; Watanabe, T. 1975: Substrate concentration dependence of the rate of maltose hydrolysis by saccharifying alpha-amylase from B. subtilis. Journal of Biochemistry 77(5): 965-968
Kawanishi, T.; Ohno, Y.; Takahashi, A.; Takanaka, A.; Kasuya, Y.; Omori, Y. 1985: Substrate concentration dependency of N-nitrosodimethylamine and N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine metabolism in rat liver. Carcinogenesis 6(6): 823-827
Raleigh, J.A.; Blackburn, B.J. 1978: Substrate conformation in 5'-AMP-utilizing enzymes: 8,5'-cycloadenosine 5'-monophosphate. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 83(3): 1061-1066
Newsholme, E.A. 1978: Substrate cycles: their metabolic, energetic and thermic consequences in man. Biochemical Society Symposium 43: 183-205
D'Alecy, L.G.; Kluger, M.J. 1988: Substrate cycling in severe burn injury. New England Journal of Medicine 318(6): 384-385
Daut, J.; Elzinga, G. 1989: Substrate dependence of energy metabolism in isolated guinea-pig cardiac muscle: a microcalorimetric study. Journal of Physiology 413: 379-397
Rupert, C.S.; To, K. 1976: Substrate dependence of the action spectrum for photoenzymatic repair of DNA. Photochemistry and Photobiology 24(3): 229-235
Rubin, R.A.; Modrich, P. 1978: Substrate dependence of the mechanism of EcoRi endonuclease. Nucleic Acids Research 5(8): 2991-2997
Theron, C.N.; Russell, V.A.; Taljaard, J.J. 1986: Substrate dependency of specific and non-specific estrogen-2/4-hydroxylase activities measured by the radio-enzymatic method in rat brain microsomes. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry 25(4): 585-591
Walsh, D.A.; Glass, D.B.; Mitchell, R.D. 1992: Substrate diversity of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase: regulation based upon multiple binding interactions. Current Opinion in Cell Biology 4(2): 241-251
Harrington, C.F.; Tritschler, C.; McGrath, A.; Walley, T.J.; Harrington, M.G.; Connolly, J.F. 1977: Substrate effects in prostaglandin biosynthesis in vesicular membranes. Biochemical Society Transactions 5(6): 1700-1702
Sako, E.Y.; Kingsley-Hickman, P.B.; From, A.H.; Ugurbil, K.; Foker, J.E. 1988: Substrate effects in the post-ischemic myocardium. Journal of Surgical Research 44(4): 430-435
Scott, W.J.; Mann, P. 1990: Substrate effects on endothelial cell adherence rates. Asaio Transactions 36(3): M739-M741
Lochner, A.; Kotzé, J.C.; Gevers, W.; Benade, A.J. 1979: Substrate effects on mitochondrial function and tissue lipids in low-flow hypoxia of isolated perfused rat hearts. Basic Research in Cardiology 74(3): 303-312
Saxod, R.; Bizet, M.C. 1988: Substrate effects on the dynamics of neurite growth in vitro: a quantitative multi-parametric analysis. International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the International Society for Developmental Neuroscience 6(2): 177-191
Mao, Q.; Walde, P. 1991: Substrate effects on the enzymatic activity of alpha-chymotrypsin in reverse micelles. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 178(3): 1105-1112
Nasedkin, J. 1989: Substrate enhances porcelain shading. Dentist 67(8): 35-36
Narumiya, S.; Sekine, A.; Fujiwara, M. 1988: Substrate for botulinum ADP-ribosyltransferase, Gb, has an amino acid sequence homologous to a putative rho gene product. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(33): 17255-17257
Hall, E.R.; Townsend, G.L.; Linthicum, D.S.; Frasier-Scott, K.F. 1991: Substrate inactivation of lung thromboxane synthase preferentially decreases thromboxane A2 production. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 42(1): 31-37
Stakeberg, H.; Scherstén, T. 1975: Substrate incorporation into hepatic lipids and proteins in vitro in patients with pre-beta hyperlipoproteinemia. Acta Medica Scandinavica 197(3): 217-223
Gilchrest, B.A.; Albert, L.S.; Karassik, R.L.; Yaar, M. 1985: Substrate influences human epidermal melanocyte attachment and spreading in vitro. In Vitro Cellular and Developmental Biology; Journal of the Tissue Culture Association 21(2): 114-120
Cleland, W.W. 1979: Substrate inhibition. Methods in Enzymology 63: 500-513
Kaimachnikov, N.P.; Sel'kov, E.E. 1977: Substrate inhibition as a cause of oscillations in an open irreversible enzymic reaction S1 + S2 in the presence of E(R,T) leads to S1' + S2'. a mathematical model. Biokhimiia 42(4): 639-646
Dijkhuizen, L.; Harder, W. 1975: Substrate inhibition in Pseudomonas oxalaticus OX1: a kinetic study of growth inhibition by oxalate and formate using extended cultures. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 41(2): 135-146
Bunting, J.W.; Chu, S.S. 1978: Substrate inhibition in the hydrolysis of N-acylglycine esters by carboxypeptidase a. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 524(1): 142-155
Poncz, L. 1988: Substrate inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase by 3-(2-furyl)acryloyl-glycyl-L-phenylalanyl-L-phenylalanine. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 266(2): 508-515
Snyder, F.F.; Dyer, C.; Seegmiller, J.E.; Goldblum, R.M.; Mills, G.C.; Schmalstieg, F.C. 1988: Substrate inhibition of adenosine phosphorylation in adenosine deaminase deficiency and adenosine-mediated inhibition of PP-ribose-P dependent nucleotide synthesis in hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase deficient erythrocytes. Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease 11(2): 174-183
Mahoney, D.F.; Koppel, G.A.; Turner, J.R. 1976: Substrate inhibition of beta-lactamases, a method for predicting enzymatic stability of cephalosporins. Antimicrobial Agents and ChemoTherapy 10(3): 470-475
Woldegiorgis, G.; Bremer, J.; Shrago, E. 1985: Substrate inhibition of carnitine palmitoyltransferase by palmitoyl-CoA and activation by phospholipids and proteins. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 837(2): 135-140
Rimon, G. 1977: Substrate inhibition of the (Na+, K+)-ATPase in the presence of excess Mg2+. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 485(2): 434-445
Brown, J.E.; Baugh, R.F.; Hougie, C. 1978: Substrate inhibition of the intrinsic generation of activated factor X (Stuart factor). Thrombosis Research 13(5): 893-900
Pulvin, S.; Friboulet, A.; Thomas, D. 1990: Substrate inhibition or activation kinetics of the beta-galactosidase from the extreme thermoacidophile archaebacterium Caldariella acidophila. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1041(2): 97-100
Wolfe, B.M.; Culebras, J.M.; Sim, A.J.; Ball, M.R.; Moore, F.D. 1977: Substrate interaction in intravenous feeding: comparative effects of carbohydrate and fat on amino acid utilization in fasting man. Annals of Surgery 186(4): 518-540
Chen, T.Y.; Zeng, X.J.; Zhu, Y. 1986: Substrate interaction in post-traumatic low-calorie parenteral nutritional support. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 24(4): 240-243; 255
Hodo, H.G.; Murphy, J.; Hardman, J.K.; Myers, R. 1977: Substrate interactions with the alpha-subunit of the Escherichia coli tryptophan synthase. a kinetic study of the wild-type alpha-subunit. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 181(2): 419-427
Patterson, C.L.; Hodo, H.G.; Hardman, J.K. 1977: Substrate interactions with the alpha-subunit of the Escherichia coli tryptophan synthase. a study of the activity of mutant alpha-subunits. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 181(2): 428-437
Bass, G.E.; Chenevey, J.E. 1977: Substrate irradiation stimulation of the in vitro lactate-pyruvate interconversion reactions mediated by lactic dehydrogenase. Physiological Chemistry and Physics 9(6): 555-562
Mustonen, P.; Kinnunen, P.K. 1992: Substrate level modulation of the activity of phospholipase A2 in vitro by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 185(1): 185-190
Wang, M.J.; Gegenheimer, P. 1990: Substrate masking: binding of RNA by EGTA-inactivated micrococcal nuclease results in artifactual inhibition of RNA processing reactions. Nucleic Acids Research 18(22): 6625-6631
Møller, N.; Jørgensen, J.O.; Møller, J.; Bak, J.F.; Pørksen, N.; Alberti, K.G.; Schmitz, O. 1990: Substrate metabolism during modest hyperinsulinemia in response to isolated hyperketonemia in insulin-dependent diabetic subjects. Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental 39(12): 1309-1313
Mallet, R.T.; Kelleher, J.K.; Jackson, M.J. 1986: Substrate metabolism of isolated jejunal epithelium: conservation of three-carbon units. American Journal of Physiology 250(2 Part 1): C191-C198
Günther, B.; Wicklmayr, M.; Dietze, G.; Schultis, K.; Mehnert, H.; Heberer, G. 1978: Substrate metabolism of muscles during the early postoperative period: the effect of glucose infusions. Chirurgisches Forum für Experimentelle und Klinische Forschung 1978: 137-141
Hall, G.M.; Young, C.; Holdcroft, A.; Alaghband-Zadeh, J. 1978: Substrate mobilisation during surgery. a comparison between halothane and fentanyl anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 33(10): 924-930
Bass, M.B.; Paulsen, M.D.; Ornstein, R.L. 1992: Substrate mobility in a deeply buried active site: analysis of norcamphor bound to cytochrome P-450cam as determined by a 201-psec molecular dynamics simulation. Proteins 13(1): 26-37
Vogt, W. 1979: Substrate modulation as a control mechanism in the activation of plasma multienzyme systems. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 120b: 125-131
Teusch, L. 1985: Substrate near-basic disorder or nosologically ambiguous subjective cognitive disorder? Critical analysis of the Frankfurt Complaint Questionnaire by Süllwold. Der Nervenarzt 56(5): 265-269
Mosevitskaia, T.V.; Pavel'chuk, E.B.; Tomilin, N.V. 1976: Substrate of a UV-induced repair system providing for W-reactivation of lambda phage. Genetika 12(8): 131-138
Sibghat-Ullah; Sancar, A. 1990: Substrate overlap and functional competition between human nucleotide excision repair and Escherichia coli photolyase and (a)BC excision nuclease. Biochemistry 29(24): 5711-5718
Spahr, R.; Jacobson, S.L.; Siegmund, B.; Schwartz, P.; Piper, H.M. 1989: Substrate oxidation by adult cardiomyocytes in long-term primary culture. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 21(2): 175-185
DePillis, G.D.; Ortiz de Montellano, P.R. 1989: Substrate oxidation by the heme edge of fungal peroxidases. Reaction of Coprinus macrorhizus peroxidase with hydrazines and sodium azide. Biochemistry 28(19): 7947-7952
Thorburn, A.W.; Gumbiner, B.; Flynn, T.; Henry, R.R. 1991: Substrate oxidation errors during combined indirect calorimetry-hyperinsulinemic glucose clamp studies. Metabolism, Clinical and Experimental 40(4): 391-398
Benore-Parsons, M.; Seidah, N.G.; Wennogle, L.P. 1989: Substrate phosphorylation can inhibit proteolysis by trypsin-like enzymes. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 272(2): 274-280
Herbst, R.; Lammers, R.; Schlessinger, J.; Ullrich, A. 1991: Substrate phosphorylation specificity of the human c-kit receptor tyrosine kinase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(30): 19908-19916
Austin, J.C.; Kuliopulos, A.; Mildvan, A.S.; Spiro, T.G. 1992: Substrate polarization by residues in delta 5-3-ketosteroid isomerase probed by site-directed mutagenesis and UV resonance Raman spectroscopy. Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society 1(2): 259-270
Wang, L.C.; Lee, T.F. 1985: Substrate preference in aminophylline-stimulated thermogenesis. Life Sciences 36(26): 2539-2546
Marselos, M.; Lindahl, R. 1988: Substrate preference of a cytosolic aldehyde dehydrogenase inducible in rat liver by treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 95(2): 339-345
Breddam, K.; Meldal, M. 1992: Substrate preferences of glutamic-acid-specific endopeptidases assessed by synthetic peptide substrates based on intramolecular fluorescence quenching. European Journal of Biochemistry 206(1): 103-107
Carotti, D.; Palitti, F.; Mastrantonio, S.; Rispoli, M.; Strom, R.; Amato, A.; Campagnari, F.; Whitehead, E.P. 1986: Substrate preferences of human placental DNA methyltransferase investigated with synthetic polydeoxynucleotides. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 866(2-3): 135-143
O'Brien, R.D.; Tripathi, R.K.; Howell, L.L. 1978: Substrate preferences of wild and a mutant house fly acetylcholinesterase and a comparison with the bovine erythrocyte enzyme. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 526(1): 129-134
Vesenka, J.; Guthold, M.; Tang, C.L.; Keller, D.; Delaine, E.; Bustamante, C. 1992: Substrate preparation for reliable imaging of DNA molecules with the scanning force microscope. Ultramicroscopy 42-44: 1243-1249
Rippe, K.; Jovin, T.M. 1989: Substrate properties of 25-nt parallel-stranded linear DNA duplexes. Biochemistry 28(24): 9542-9549
Savochkina, L.P.; Sviriaeva, T.V.; Beĭgel'man, L.N.; Padiukova, N.Sh.; Kuznetsov, D.A.; Lysov, I.P.; Mikhaĭlov, S.N.; Bibilashvili, R.Sh. 1989: Substrate properties of C'-methylnucleoside triphosphates in a reaction of RNA synthesis catalyzed by Escherichia coli RNA-polymerase. Molekuliarnaia Biologiia 23(6): 1700-1710
Skriver, K.; Wikoff, W.R.; Patston, P.A.; Tausk, F.; Schapira, M.; Kaplan, A.P.; Bock, S.C. 1991: Substrate properties of C1 inhibitor Ma (alanine 434----glutamic acid). Genetic and structural evidence suggesting that the P12-region contains critical determinants of serine protease inhibitor/substrate status. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(14): 9216-9221
Moyer, J.D.; Reizes, O.; Ahir, S.; Jiang, C.; Malinowski, N.; Baker, D.C. 1988: Substrate properties of analogs of myo-inositol. Molecular Pharmacology 33(6): 683-689
Washtien, W.; Cooper, A.J.; Abeles, R.H. 1977: Substrate proton exchange catalyzed by gamma-cystathionase. Biochemistry 16(3): 460-463
Sutherland, B.M.; Oliveira, O.M.; Ciarrocchi, G.; Brash, D.E.; Haseltine, W.A.; Lewis, R.J.; Hanawalt, P.C. 1986: Substrate range of the 40,000-dalton DNA-photoreactivating enzyme from Escherichia coli. Biochemistry 25(3): 681-687
Annett, R.G.; Ranney, E.K. 1986: Substrate reagent instability in acid phosphatase assays by the alpha-naphthyl phosphate-coupled diazonium method. Clinical Chemistry 32(10): 1980
Greer, C.L.; Söll, D.; Willis, I. 1987: Substrate recognition and identification of splice sites by the tRNA-splicing endonuclease and ligase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Molecular and Cellular Biology 7(1): 76-84
Reyes, V.M.; Abelson, J. 1988: Substrate recognition and splice site determination in yeast tRNA splicing. Cell 55(4): 719-730
Hughes, R.C.; Bradbury, A.F.; Smyth, D.G. 1988: Substrate recognition by UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine: polypeptide n-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminyltransferase. Effects of chain length and disulphide bonding of synthetic peptide substrates. Carbohydrate Research 178: 259-269
Prasad, P.V.; Horensky, D.; Young, L.J.; Jayaram, M. 1986: Substrate recognition by the 2 micron circle site-specific recombinase: effect of mutations within the symmetry elements of the minimal substrate. Molecular and Cellular Biology 6(12): 4329-4334
Heitman, J.; Model, P. 1990: Substrate recognition by the EcoRi endonuclease. Proteins 7(2): 185-197
Ulrich, M.M.; Soute, B.A.; van Haarlem, L.J.; Vermeer, C. 1987: Substrate recognition by vitamin K-dependent carboxylase. Thrombosis and Haemostasis 57(1): 17-19
Flotow, H.; Thomas, G. 1992: Substrate recognition determinants of the mitogen-activated 70K S6 kinase from rat liver. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(5): 3074-3078
Tanizawa, K.; Fukui, T. 1992: Substrate recognition of adenylate kinase. Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso. Protein Nucleic Acid Enzyme 37(3 Suppl): 359-370
Kanda, F.; Sykes, D.E.; Yasuda, H.; Sandberg, A.A.; Matsui, S. 1986: Substrate recognition of isopeptidase: specific cleavage of the epsilon-(alpha-glycyl)lysine linkage in ubiquitin-protein conjugates. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 870(1): 64-75
Sushkov, D.G.; Rumiantseva, G.V.; Vaĭner, L.M. 1987: Substrate reduction and oxygen activation during microsomal metabolism of quinones. Biokhimiia 52(11): 1898-1906
Imperial, J.; Hoover, T.R.; Madden, M.S.; Ludden, P.W.; Shah, V.K. 1989: Substrate reduction properties of dinitrogenase activated in vitro are dependent upon the presence of homocitrate or its analogues during iron-molybdenum cofactor synthesis. Biochemistry 28(19): 7796-7799
Kendysh, I.N. 1978: Substrate regulation of gluconeogenesis. Uspekhi Sovremennoi Biologii 86(2): 192-205
Kilberg, M.S.; Bracy, D.S.; Handlogten, M.E. 1986: Substrate regulation of hepatic system a transport activity after induction by substrate starvation or glucagon. Federation Proceedings 45(10): 2438-2441
Paradies, G.; Papa, S. 1976: Substrate regulation of the pyruvate-transporting system in rat liver mitochondria. Febs Letters 62(3): 318-321
Skern, T.; Sommergruber, W.; Auer, H.; Volkmann, P.; Zorn, M.; Liebig, H.D.; Fessl, F.; Blaas, D.; Kuechler, E. 1991: Substrate requirements of a human rhinoviral 2A proteinase. Virology 181(1): 46-54
Simpson, D.P.; McSherry, N.; Scarbrough, E.; Zweifel, K. 1992: Substrate responses to acid-base alterations in dog renal proximal tubules. American Journal of Physiology 262(6 Part 2): F1039-F1046
Szafrański, P.; Smagowicz, W.J.; Wierzchowski, K.L. 1985: Substrate selection by RNA polymerase from E. coli. The role of ribose and 5'-triphosphate fragments, and nucleotides interaction. Acta Biochimica Polonica 32(4): 329-349
Callingham, B.A. 1977: Substrate selective inhibition of monoamine oxidase by mexiletine. British Journal of Pharmacology 61(1): 118P-119P
Holub, B.J.; Piekarski, J. 1979: Substrate selectivity of diacylglycerol kinase in guinea pig brain. Lipids 14(3): 309-311
Fedor, M.J.; Uhlenbeck, O.C. 1990: Substrate sequence effects on "hammerhead" RNA catalytic efficiency. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 87(5): 1668-1672
Robinson, J.D. 1976: Substrate sites for the (Na+ + K+)-dependent ATPase. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 429(3): 1006-1019
Davis, R.L.; Robinson, J.D. 1988: Substrate sites of the (Na+ + K+)-ATPase: pertinence of the adenine and fluorescein binding sites. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 953(1): 26-36
Fukamizo, T.; Minematsu, T.; Yanase, Y.; Hayashi, K.; Goto, S. 1986: Substrate size dependence of lysozyme-catalyzed reaction. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 250(2): 312-321
Rao, K.N.; Lombardi, B. 1975: Substrate solubilization for the Hummel alpha-chymotrypsin assay. Analytical Biochemistry 65(1-2): 548-551
Villar-Palasi, C. 1991: Substrate specific activation by glucose 6-phosphate of the dephosphorylation of muscle glycogen synthase. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1095(3): 261-267
Dijkstra, A.C.; Vermeesch-Markslag, A.M.; Vromans, E.W.; Happle, R.; van de Kerkhof, P.C.; Zwanenburg, B.; Vos, F.; Vermorken, A.J. 1987: Substrate specific sulfatase activity from hair follicles in recessive X-linked ichthyosis. Acta Dermato-Venereologica 67(5): 369-376
Fox, J.W.; Campbell, R.; Beggerly, L.; Bjarnason, J.B. 1986: Substrate specificities and inhibition of two hemorrhagic zinc proteases Ht-c and Ht-d from Crotalus atrox venom. European Journal of Biochemistry 156(1): 65-72
Cañada, F.J.; Law, W.C.; Rando, R.R.; Yamamoto, T.; Derguini, F.; Nakanishi, K. 1990: Substrate specificities and mechanism in the enzymatic processing of vitamin a into 11-cis-retinol. Biochemistry 29(41): 9690-9697
Diez, E.; Louis-Flamberg, P.; Hall, R.H.; Mayer, R.J. 1992: Substrate specificities and properties of human phospholipases A2 in a mixed vesicle model. Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(26): 18342-18348
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Macdonald, V.W.; Jacobus, W.E. 1987: Substrate-dependent functional defects and altered mitochondrial respiratory capacity in hearts from guinea pigs with iron deficiency anemia. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 891(2): 103-114
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Kiener, P.A.; Waley, S.G. 1977: Substrate-induced deactivation of penicillinases. Studies of beta-lactamase i by hydrogen exchange. Biochemical Journal 165(2): 279-285
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Brandolin, G.; Dupont, Y.; Vignais, P.V. 1985: Substrate-induced modifications of the intrinsic fluorescence of the isolated adenine nucleotide carrier protein: demonstration of distinct conformational states. Biochemistry 24(8): 1991-1997
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Johansson, C.J.; Pettersson, G. 1977: Substrate-inhibiton by acetyl-CoA in the condensation reaction between oxaloacetate and acetyl-CoA catalyzed by citrate synthase from pig heart. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 484(1): 208-215
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LoCascio, V.; Adami, S.; Galvanini, G.; Ferrari, M.; Cominacini, L.; Tartarotti, D. 1985: Substrate-product relation of 1-hydroxylase activity in primary hyperparathyroidism. New England Journal of Medicine 313(18): 1123-1125
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