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The cap-binding protein complex in uninfected and poliovirus-infected Hela cells


The cap-binding protein complex in uninfected and poliovirus-infected Hela cells



Journal of Biological Chemistry 262(28): 13599-13606



ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 2820976

In poliovirus-infected HeLa cells, the mechanism of protein synthesis initiation factor recognition of m7G cap groups on mRNA is impaired. Translation of capped host cell mRNAs is inhibited, whereas translation of uncapped poliovirus mRNA proceeds exclusively. The site of this defect has been localized to the cap-binding protein complex (CBPC). To elucidate the specific structural and functional defects of the CBPC following poliovirus infection, the CBPC and/or its polypeptide components were purified from uninfected and poliovirus-infected HeLa cells. The CBPC from uninfected cells consisted of tightly associated 24- and 220-kDa polypeptides; minor amounts of polypeptides of 40, 44, and 80 kDa also consistently co-purified with the p24/p220 cores. No evidence of a 50-kDa, eIF-4A-related polypeptide subunit of the CBPC was obtained. The CBPC from poliovirus-infected cells had undergone major structural alterations. The 220-kDa component was absent; antigenically related (100-130 kDa) degradation products were present instead. The 24-kDa component co-purified with the p220 degradation products, but other components were missing. The association of the infected cell CBPC components was quite labile compared with that demonstrated by the components of CBPC from uninfected cells. Differential stimulation of capped, but not uncapped mRNAs in a cell-free translation assay was demonstrated by unmodified CBPC. Conversely, modified CBPC from poliovirus-infected cells differentially stimulated in vitro translation of uncapped poliovirus mRNA but not capped mRNAs. The implications of these results for the mechanism of cap-independent translation are briefly discussed.

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Accession: 041585400

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