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The effect of the 540-kilodalton actin cross-linking protein, actin-binding protein, on the mechanical properties of F-actin

The effect of the 540-kilodalton actin cross-linking protein, actin-binding protein, on the mechanical properties of F-actin

Journal of Biological Chemistry 261(17): 7615-7620

This study describes the effect of actin-binding protein derived from rabbit lung macrophages on the mechanical properties of F-actin. The dynamic storage modulus, G'(omega), and loss modulus, G"(omega) of F-actin, at concentrations from 1 to 4 mg/ml, in the absence or presence of actin-binding protein at molar ratios to actin of 1:1000 to 1:125, were measured at frequencies ranging from 3 X 10(-3) to 0.5 Hz. Actin-binding protein increased the dynamic moduli of F-actin, but this increase was much greater as either the actin-binding protein/actin ratio or the total protein concentration increased. Moreover, there was a convergence of the values of G' and G" at high frequencies for F-actin which became more prominent upon the addition of actin-binding protein. The value of the modulus obtained by an extrapolation of these data to actin concentrations similar to that found in the cell cortex was close to values which have been obtained by direct measurements. The addition of actin-binding protein to an F-actin solution enabled it to reach an equilibrium strain following the application of a stress, in contrast to pure F-actin. These data allow a more rigorous definition of the "sol" to "gel" transition and suggest that the cross-linking of actin filaments by actin-binding protein leads to the formation of a network structure whose underlying mechanism of mechanical behavior is short range intrafilament bending in contrast to the classical rubber network.

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Accession: 041632965

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PMID: 3711100

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