The effect of topical PGF2 alpha on uveoscleral outflow and outflow facility in the rabbit eye

Poyer, J.F.; Gabelt, B.; Kaufman, P.L.

Experimental Eye Research 54(2): 277-283


ISSN/ISBN: 0014-4835
PMID: 1559555
DOI: 10.1016/s0014-4835(05)90001-8
Accession: 041634135

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Prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) is a powerful ocular hypotensive agent in rabbit, cat, dog, monkey and human. In cynomolgus monkeys, the intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering is due to increased uveoscleral outflow (Fu). Because the anatomy of the rabbit outflow apparatus differs significantly from that of the primate, we sought to determine whether the mechanism of the PGF2 alpha-induced IOP fall was the same. PGF2 alpha tromethamine salt (PGF2 alpha-TS) (50 micrograms) applied to one eye of 14 conscious rabbits produced a significant IOP fall of 7.4 +/- 0.9 mmHg (P less than 0.001). In untreated control eyes, Fu determined from the quantity of intracamerally perfused [125I]albumin found in the ocular and periocular tissues accounted for 5-8% of total aqueous outflow. In 15 unilaterally PGF2 alpha-treated rabbits, after 4-6 hr dosing Fu was 49 +/- 14% higher in the treated than in the contralateral control eyes. Total outflow facility of outflow from the anterior chamber to the general circulation were measured concurrently in 11 rabbits using a two-level constant pressure perfusion and isotope accumulation technique. Both facilities tended to be higher in the treated eyes than in the controls, with a strong correlation between drug-induced changes in total facility and changes in facility of flow to blood (r = 0.85, P less than 0.001). In eight rabbits treated unilaterally with 50 micrograms PGF2 alpha-TS, the fluorophotometrically determined aqueous formation rate was probably not decreased relative to control eyes. Protein levels in the aqueous humor were approximately eight-fold higher in PG-treated vs. control eyes, suggesting a drug-induced compromise of the blood-aqueous barrier.