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The effect of topical fluoride treatment on enamel fluoride uptake and the tensile bond strength of an orthodontic bonding resin



The effect of topical fluoride treatment on enamel fluoride uptake and the tensile bond strength of an orthodontic bonding resin



American Journal of Orthodontics 87(4): 294-302



Enamel demineralization occurring adjacent to directly bonded orthodontic attachments is of great concern to orthodontists. The topical application of fluorides to enamel surfaces before acid etching and the bonding of the attachments is not recommended by many investigators. The objective of this study was to determine the enamel fluoride acquired from various topical fluoride agents and to determine the effect of the acquired fluoride on the tensile bond strength of an orthodontic bonding system. Fifty extracted maxillary central incisors were mounted in cups and the facial surfaces of the crowns were polished on 600-grit silicon carbide paper. Enamel microbiopsies were performed just off the midpoint of each tooth. Ten teeth served as controls and received no topical fluoride treatment, while a similar number were treated with either APF, SnF2, Duraphat, or Fluor Protector. The teeth were suspended in synthetic saliva 4 minutes after fluoride application. The topical fluoride agents were removed after 24 hours and the teeth were again suspended in synthetic saliva at 37 degrees C for 7 days. Enamel biopsies were again performed just off the midpoint of each tooth on the side not previously biopsied. The enamel surfaces were etched for 1 minute and the tensile bond strength of Concise orthodontic bonding system to the etched enamel surfaces was determined. The enamel surfaces acquired significantly different amounts of fluoride from the topical fluoride agents, but the bond strengths to these surfaces were not significantly different. The results of this in vitro study suggest that the application of topical fluoride agents to enamel surfaces 7 days before the bonding of orthodontic attachments will not have an adverse effect on bond strength.

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Accession: 041634158

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3157323

DOI: 10.1016/0002-9416(85)90004-1


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