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The effects of thiamin on lead metabolism: whole body retention of lead-203






Toxicology Letters 56(1-2): 43-52

The effects of thiamin on lead metabolism: whole body retention of lead-203

The effects of thiamin on the whole body retention of led were evaluated in CD-1 mice treated intragastrically or intraperitoneally while exposed to a single dose of lead acetate (100 micrograms) containing 100 mu Ci lead-203. They were administered thiamin (25 or 50 mg/kg body wt.), calcium ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (CaEDTA) (50 mg/kg body wt.) or their combination in pretreatment or posttreatment regimens for 13 days. Both pre- and posttreatment with thiamin reduced the lead retention compared to the untreated lead-exposed mice, although the different patterns of lead retention were observed. The combined pretreatment (thiamin 50 mg/kg and CaEDTA) and the CaEDTA treatment alone reduced the whole body retention of lead most effectively. Thiamin, CaEDTA and the combined treatments decreased the absorption of lead-203 and the biological half-life of retained lead-203 following oral or intraperitoneal lead exposure. The reduced absorption and enhanced excretion of lead associated with thiamin administration may have therapeutic application for the treatment of lead poisoning.

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Accession: 041643083

PMID: 1902008

DOI: 10.1016/0378-4274(91)90088-N



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