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The mechanism of airway hyperresponsiveness following immediate bronchial response in ovalbumin (OA)-sensitized guinea pigs



The mechanism of airway hyperresponsiveness following immediate bronchial response in ovalbumin (OA)-sensitized guinea pigs



Arerugi 40(2): 164-167



We have previously demonstrated that airway responsiveness was enhanced following a late bronchial response (LBR) after an allergen challenge in ovalbumin (OA)-sensitized guinea pigs. The purpose of the present studies was to evaluate whether airway responsiveness to methacholine increased after an immediate bronchial response (IBR) and the possible involvement of the beta-adrenoceptor dysfunction in OA-sensitized guinea pigs. Guinea pigs were actively sensitized by aerosolized OA. Following OA exposure, IBR appeared. After IBR when specific airway resistance returned to the base line value, airway responsiveness to methacholine increased significantly. Before OA exposure, propranolol induced bronchoconstriction (PIB) was not provoked, however, after IBR, PIB was provoked and the guinea pigs died because of severe bronchoconstriction. These results suggest that airway responsiveness to methacholine increases significantly after IBR. Furthermore, the dysfunction of the beta-adrenoceptor may be a mechanism of this hyperresponsiveness in OA-sensitized guinea pigs.

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Accession: 041691038

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PMID: 1648901


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