The mouse Pgk-1 gene promoter contains an upstream activator sequence
McBurney, M.W.; Sutherland, L.C.; Adra, C.N.; Leclair, B.; Rudnicki, M.A.; Jardine, K.
Nucleic Acids Research 19(20): 5755-5761
ISSN/ISBN: 0305-1048 PMID: 1945853 DOI: 10.1093/nar/19.20.5755
The Pgk-1 gene encodes the housekeeping enzyme, 3-phosphoglycerate kinase, and is ubiquitously expressed. This gene resides on the X chromosome in mammals and is always expressed except where it is silenced along with most other genes on the inactive X chromosome of female somatic cells or male germ cells. The Pgk-1 promoter is in a region rich in nucleotides G and C. This promoter can efficiently drive high levels of expression of reporter genes such as E. coli lacZ and neo. We have determined that the 120 bp upstream of the transcription start site functions as a core promoter. Upstream of this is a 320 bp region which enhances transcription from the core promoter in an orientation and position independent fashion. This 320 bp region does not enhance transcription from the core promoter of the SV40 early region. Nuclear proteins bind to this 320 bp fragment although the restricted regions to which binding can be demonstrated with gel mobility shift assays suggests that the activity of the enhancer may be mediated by factors which bind at multiple sites each with low affinity.