The mouse gastric H,K-ATPase beta subunit. Gene structure and co-ordinate expression with the alpha subunit during ontogeny
Morley, G.P.; Callaghan, J.M.; Rose, J.B.; Toh, B.H.; Gleeson, P.A.; van Driel, I.R.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 267(2): 1165-1174
The gastric H,K-ATPase (EC 220.127.116.11) is responsible for acid secretion into the stomach and is composed of two subunits, alpha and beta. The structure of the gene encoding the mouse beta subunit and the expression of both subunits during ontogeny are reported. The gene spans approximately 12 kilobase pairs and contains 7 exons. The positions at which introns interrupt the coding regions of the mouse H,K-ATPase beta subunit and mouse Na,K-ATPase (EC 18.104.22.168) beta 2 subunit genes are identical. The alternative beta subunit isoform of the Na,K-ATPase, beta 1, has a similar but not identical gene structure. Primer extension and S1 nuclease analysis of RNA isolated from mouse stomachs aged between 2 and 25 days indicated that major transcription-initiation sites are between 22 and 25 base pairs 5' of the translation initiation site at all ages. The expression of the H,K-ATPase alpha and beta subunit genes during ontogeny (day 1-40) was found to be co-ordinated. Protein levels of both the ATPase alpha and beta subunits were very low until day 15 and then increased to adult levels by day 30. In any mucosal cell throughout ontogeny, expression of the beta subunit gene invariably coincided with the expression of the alpha subunit gene. Cells detected by anti-H,K-ATPase beta subunit antibodies in sections from 10- and 30-day-old mice all had typical morphology of parietal cells and were arranged in glandular structures. Co-ordinate expression of the two subunit genes suggest that the regulatory mechanisms will be similar and that the beta subunit may be required for localization and function of the catalytic alpha subunit.