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The obligatory intermediacy of 16,17 alpha- and 16,17 beta-epoxides in the biotransformation of androsta-5,16-dien-3 beta-ol to androst-5-ene-3 beta, 16 alpha, 17 beta- and -3 beta, 16 beta, 17 alpha-triols by male rat liver microsomes



The obligatory intermediacy of 16,17 alpha- and 16,17 beta-epoxides in the biotransformation of androsta-5,16-dien-3 beta-ol to androst-5-ene-3 beta, 16 alpha, 17 beta- and -3 beta, 16 beta, 17 alpha-triols by male rat liver microsomes



Journal of Biological Chemistry 260(15): 8716-8720



The C16-double bond of the biolefinic steroid, androsta-5,16-dien-3 beta-ol (delta 16-ANDO), was regioselectively oxidized by male rat liver microsomes in the presence of NADPH and EDTA to 16 alpha, 17 alpha-epoxyandrost-5-en-3 beta-ol (delta 16-ANDO 16,17 alpha-epoxide), 16 beta,-17 beta-epoxyandrost-5-en-3 beta-ol (delta 16-ANDO 16,17 beta-epoxide), androst-5-ene-3 beta, 16 alpha, 17 beta-triol (delta 16-ANDO 16 alpha, 17 beta-glycol), and androst-5-ene-3 beta, 16 beta, 17 alpha-triol (delta 16-ANDO 16 beta, 17 alpha-glycol). The microsomes hydrolyzed delta 16-ANDO 16,17 alpha-epoxide specifically to the 16 beta, 17 alpha-glycol and delta 16-ANDO 16,17 beta-epoxide to the 16 beta, 17 alpha-glycol and the 16 alpha, 17 beta-glycol in an equal ratio. delta 16-ANDO 16,17 alpha-epoxide was much more susceptible to microsomal hydrolysis than the 16,17 beta-epoxide. The xenobiotic epoxide hydrolase inhibitor, 3,3,3-trichloropropene 1,2-oxide, potently inhibited microsomal hydrolysis of delta 16-ANDO 16,17-epoxides as well as of benzo[a]pyrene 4,5-epoxide and styrene 7,8-epoxide. Addition of 3,3,3-trichloropropene 1,2-oxide accumulated the 16,17-epoxides formed from delta 16-ANDO in the reaction medium with concomitant decrease in the amounts of the 16,17-glycols formed, leading to a conclusion that the 16,17-epoxides played a role as obligatory intermediates in the microsomal delta 16-oxidation of delta 16-ANDO to the 16,17-glycols. Epoxidation of delta 16-ANDO was stereoselectively mediated by a cytochrome P-450 with quite unique properties to form the 16,17 alpha-epoxide as the major oxidation product and the 16,17 beta-epoxide as the minor. The epoxidation was strongly inhibited with CO, activated with 2-diethylaminoethyl 2,2-diphenylvalerate hydrochloride more than twice as much, and little affected with metyrapone and 7,8-benzoflavone. A pretreatment of the animals with 3-methylcholanthrene induced the delta 16-ANDO-epoxidizing activity of their microsomes 1.5 times higher than those from the control animals. However, a pretreatment with phenobarbital reduced the enzyme activity to one-half of the control microsomes. Under the same conditions, microsomal activities of hydroxylation of benzo[a]pyrene and N-demethylation of benzphetamine were significantly induced by the pretreatments with 3-methylcholanthrene and phenobarbital, respectively.

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Accession: 041704361

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PMID: 4019450


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