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The prevalence of hepatitis B in employees of small, rural hospitals--implications for vaccine administration


, : The prevalence of hepatitis B in employees of small, rural hospitals--implications for vaccine administration. Infection Control 7(2): 64-66

The Centers for Disease Control Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has based recommendations for hepatitis B vaccine for hospital employees on studies done in large urban hospitals. Data on the prevalence of hepatitis B in employees of small hospitals have been lacking. We measured hepatitis B surface and core antibody in 422 employees of six small, rural hospitals who were exposed to blood. The overall prevalence among those "high-risk" employees was 5.5%. The highest prevalence was found in General Nursing, Intensive Care Nursing, Recovery Room, IV Therapy, Laboratory, and Respiratory Therapy, although differences were seen between hospitals. Results of such testing for individual hospitals may have a major impact on the cost-effectiveness of vaccination programs for their employees.

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Accession: 041720840

PMID: 3633880

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