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The primary structure of a new Mr 18,000 calcium vector protein from amphioxus

, : The primary structure of a new Mr 18,000 calcium vector protein from amphioxus. Journal of Biological Chemistry 262(6): 2613-2623

The amino acid sequence of a new Ca2+-binding protein (CaVP) from Amphioxus muscle (Cox, J. A., J. Biol. Chem. 261, 13173-13178) has been determined. The protein contains 161 amino acid residues and has a molecular weight of 18,267. The N terminus is blocked by an acetyl group. The two functional Ca2+-binding sites have been localized based on homology with known Ca2+-binding domains, on internal homology and on secondary structure prediction, and appear to be the domains III and IV. The C-terminal half of CaVP, which contains the two Ca2+-binding sites, shows a remarkable similarity with human brain calmodulin (45%) and with rabbit skeletal troponin C (40%). Functional domain III contains 2 epsilon-N-trimethyllysine residues in the alpha-helices flanking the Ca2+-binding loop. Sequence determination revealed two abortive Ca2+-binding domains in the N-terminal half of CaVP with a similarity of 24 and 30% as compared with calmodulin and troponin C, respectively. This half is also characterized by the presence of a disulfide bridge linking the N-terminal helix of domain I to the C-terminal helix of domain II. This disulfide bond is very resistant to reduction in the native state, but not in denatured CaVP. The optically interesting aromatic chromophores (2 tryptophan and 1 tyrosine residues) are all located in the nonfunctional domain II.

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Accession: 041721857

PMID: 3818612

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