The protein kinase C activators, phorbol 12-myristate,13-acetate and phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, are convulsant in the pico-nanomolar range in mice
Smith, S.E.; Meldrum, B.S.
European Journal of Pharmacology 213(1): 133-135
Administration of phorbol 12-myristate,13-acetate (PMA, 10 fmol-10 nmol) or phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDB, 0.2-495 nmol) (i.c.v.) to mice induced: hindlimb scratching, tremor, myoclonic jerks, hyperlocomotion, clonic seizure, followed by death or recovery. CD50 values for clonic seizures for PMA and PDB were 1.0 pmol and 1.2 nmol. 4-alpha-Phorbol (68-686 nmol) was inactive. The effects of PDB (24-247 nmol) were reduced by pretreatment with staurosporine (30 nmol, i.c.v.). Protein kinase C activators are potent convulsants in vivo.