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The suppressor T cell induced by syngeneic splenic cell antigen down-regulates hapten-specific cytotoxic T cells by elaborating a factor inhibitory for IL2-dependent cell replication

The suppressor T cell induced by syngeneic splenic cell antigen down-regulates hapten-specific cytotoxic T cells by elaborating a factor inhibitory for IL2-dependent cell replication

Cellular Immunology 105(1): 220-234

An in vitro study has been made of the mechanism by which a suppressor T cell, that is induced in lymph nodes by a syngeneic splenic cell antigen, prevents generation of cytotoxic T cells specific for hapten-altered self antigens. When popliteal lymph node cells exposed in vivo to syngeneic splenic cells were immunized in vitro with heat-treated syngeneic TNP-coupled thymocytes and excess helper factors, the Ts remained inactive. In this condition the exposed popliteal lymph node cells routinely demonstrated approximately twice the CTL response developed by lymph node cells from normal mice. Nevertheless, when triggered in vitro by splenic antigen on either X-irradiated B or T cells, the exposed but not the normal lymph node cells exhibited reduced hapten-altered self-specific CTL responses. Furthermore, T cells within spleen cell-exposed popliteal lymph node cell populations when reexposed to splenic T cells made a factor that was found to be suppressive of CTL generation by normal lymph node cells in vitro. The nondialyzable T-cell suppressor factor (TsF) did not appear to act on lymph node precursor CTLs, nor on helper T cells but instead acted at the level of utilization of helper factors in the development of CTLs. In an examination of the effect of TsF on cellular replication, TsF was found to be nontoxic for CTLL-20, an IL-2-dependent T cell, and it did not hinder the uptake of IL-2 by receptor blockade of this cell. Nevertheless, the replication of CTLL-20 that is IL-2 driven was diminished in the presence of TsF. Similarly, TsF was found to be inhibitory for T-cell proliferation stimulated by mitogen but had no effect on a B myeloma cell proliferative response. Thus, TsF appears to act as an inhibitor of a T cell's capability to replicate despite the presence of the stimulus for replication, namely, IL-2.

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Accession: 041763526

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PMID: 2949861

DOI: 10.1016/0008-8749(87)90070-0

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