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Thin-layer agarose electrophoresis of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes in serum: a note on the method of reporting and on the lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme-1/isoenzyme-2 ratio in acute myocardial infarction



Thin-layer agarose electrophoresis of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzymes in serum: a note on the method of reporting and on the lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme-1/isoenzyme-2 ratio in acute myocardial infarction



Clinical Chemistry 25(2): 209-211



We assessed the clinical efficacy of a thin-layer agarose electrophoresis assay for lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme estimation in the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. From a population of 228 patients admitted to the Coronary Care Unit with suspected acute myocardial infarction, all 101 positive cases (confirmed by clinical presentation and electrocardiographic changes) were correctly identified with lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme-1 percentage of total activity above the reference range and with a lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme-1/isoenzyme-2 ratio of 0.76 or above. This ratio was between 0.45 and 0.74 for 250 healthy subjects. No falsely negative, but 12 falsely positive results were obtained from this Coronary Care Unit population, to give a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 90.5% for the ratio test.

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Accession: 041798211

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PMID: 759016


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