Thiol adducts of ethacrynic acid increase outflow facility in enucleated calf eyes

Epstein, D.L.; Hooshmand, L.B.; Epstein, M.P.

Current Eye Research 11(3): 253-258


ISSN/ISBN: 0271-3683
PMID: 1587147
DOI: 10.3109/02713689209001776
Accession: 041798671

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Ethacrynic acid (ECA), a sulfhydryl (SH)-reactive diuretic drug, has been shown to increase outflow facility (C) both in living monkey eyes and in the calf eye, in vitro (Epstein et al. 1987). In an attempt to increase the therapeutic index of this drug for potential clinical use in glaucoma, we explored the effect of various thiol adducts of ECA on C in the calf eye in vitro. These adducts might be expected to liberate ECA by a reversible retro-Michael type reaction. Enucleated calf eyes were perfused at 25 degrees C at 15 mm Hg for 5 hours with various ECA-thiol adducts. ECA-cysteine at 0.25 mM (for each) increased outflow facility 104% compared to 38% in sham manipulated eyes (n-10; p less than .005). A dose response effect was demonstrated from 0.01 mM to 0.25 mM. A relative potency table (for increasing C) was established for several ECA-thiol adducts: Cysteine = cysteamine greater than glutathione greater than N-Acetyl cysteine greater than thiosalicylic acid greater than N-Acetyl cysteamine. This study identifies the potential of utilizing various derivatives of ECA as outflow pathway acting agents.