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Tissue-specific and developmental regulation of rat Na,K-ATPase catalytic alpha isoform and beta subunit mRNAs



Tissue-specific and developmental regulation of rat Na,K-ATPase catalytic alpha isoform and beta subunit mRNAs



Journal of Biological Chemistry 263(21): 10436-10442



The developmental expression of the multiple isozymes of Na,K-ATPase in rat brain, heart, lung, kidney, and skeletal muscle from fetal (14 days gestation) to adult (55 days) was investigated at the molecular level with cDNA probes specific for the multiple catalytic alpha isoform (alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3) and beta subunit mRNAs. Northern and RNA slot blot analyses revealed that these mRNAs are regulated in a tissue-specific manner. The multiple alpha isoform and beta subunit mRNAs appear to be regulated coordinately during ontogenesis with maximum expression occurring between 15 and 25 days of age for brain, heart, kidney, and skeletal muscle, whereas peak expression in lung was observed between 2 and 4 days of neonatal life. Brain tissue showed between 10- and 17-fold increases in the levels of expression for the three individual alpha isoform mRNAs. The alpha 3 mRNA was found to be the predominant alpha isoform transcript in fetal as well as adult brain. Examination of heart tissue showed alpha 1 mRNA to be the major catalytic subunit during development. However, a developmentally regulated transition in alpha 2 and alpha 3 mRNA expression was observed in heart between 7 and 14 days after birth. The alpha 3 mRNA was expressed primarily in fetal and neonatal heart tissue, while alpha 2 mRNA was expressed in juvenile and adult tissue. In kidney and lung, alpha 1 mRNA was the predominant alpha isoform transcript showing temporary increases in expression of 2- and 4-fold, respectively, during development. In contrast to the other tissues, muscle expressed predominantly alpha 2 mRNA following birth, the levels increasing approximately 89-fold during myogenesis. Thus, each tissue examined exhibits a distinct pattern of expression for the Na,K-ATPase catalytic alpha isoforms during ontogenesis.

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Accession: 041814810

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PMID: 2839491



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