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Transmembrane orientation of glycoproteins encoded by the v-fms oncogene

Transmembrane orientation of glycoproteins encoded by the v-fms oncogene

Cell 40(4): 971-981

The retroviral oncogene v-fms encodes a glycoprotein whose transport to the plasma membrane is required for transformation. Tryptic digestion of microsomes from transformed cells yielded membrane-protected amino-terminal fragments 40 kd smaller than intact molecules. These fragments were glycosylated, and they included v-fms-coded epitopes expressed at the cell surface. Deletion of the predicted membrane-spanning peptide generated polypeptides that were completely sequestered within microsomes. The mutant glycoproteins acquired more asparagine-linked oligosaccharide chains than did wild-type molecules, lacked kinase activity in vitro, were not transported to the cell surface, and had no transforming activity. Thus, the membrane-spanning segment in the middle of the glycoprotein interrupts translocation of nascent chains into the endoplasmic reticulum, ultimately orienting the amino-terminal domain outside the cell and the carboxy-terminal kinase domain in the cytoplasm. These topological features are similar to those of several growth factor receptors, suggesting that v-fms transforms cells through modified receptor-mediated signals.

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Accession: 041840235

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PMID: 3986905

DOI: 10.1016/0092-8674(85)90357-5

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