Transmissible gastroenteritis: sodium transport and the intestinal epithelium during the course of viral enteritis

Kerzner, B.; Kelly, M.H.; Gall, D.G.; Butler, D.G.; Hamilton, J.R.

Gastroenterology 72(3): 457-461


ISSN/ISBN: 0016-5085
PMID: 832794
Accession: 041840383

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Sodium transport, mucosal structure, and epithelial enzymes were studied in piglets killed 10, 25, 40, 72, or 144 hr after infection with a standard dose of transmissible gastroenteritis virus. Glucose-stimulated Na transport measured in short-circuited jejunal epithelium and suspensions of villous enterocytes became progressively more abnormal during the first 40 hr, but recovered completely by 144 hr. As Na transport deteriorated, jejunal mucosal villi shortened and crypts deepened; cells isolated from the villi became more crypt-like in their enzyme profile, with high levels of thymidine kinase and low levels of sucrase activity 40 hr after infection. At 40 hr, when diarrhea is severe, little if any virus has been found in the epithelium. Our data suggest that the relatively undifferentiated crypt type enterocytes on the villi constitute an important determinant of altered Na transport and diarrhea in this invasive viral enteritis.