Triplet state of tryptophan in proteins. 2. Differentiation between tryptophan residues 62 and 108 in lysozyme
Rousslang, K.W.; Thomasson, J.M.; Rose, J.B.; Kwiram, A.L.
Biochemistry 18(11): 2296-2300
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-2960 PMID: 444457 DOI: 10.1021/bi00578a025
We have used optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) to characterize the degree of solvent availability of the tryptophan residues in lysozyme that are likely to be responsible for the observed phosphorescence. From the phosphorescence spectra, ODMR zero-field splittings (zfs), and ODMR line widths, we concur with the X-ray structure [Blake, C. C., Mair, G. A., North, A. C. T., Phillips, D. C., & Sarma, V. R. (1967) Proc. R. Soc. London, ser. B 167, 365-377] that Trp-62 behaves as an exposed residue and Trp-108 is buried. In addition, we present evidence that ODMR can be used in conjunction with conventional phosphorescence to evaluate the degree of order in the microenvironments of tryptophan in a protein containing several tryptophans. By the specific modification of residues Trp-62 and Trp-108, we have identified those portions of the ODMR lines in the native enzyme that are due to those specific residues. Barring major enzyme conformational changes in the vicinity of unmodified tryptophan residues when Trp-62 or Trp-108 are selectively modified, we find that Trp-108 dominates both the phosphorescence and the ODMR signals in native lysozyme. The results are discussed in view of previous fluorescence findings.