Tumor-associated membrane sialoglycoprotein on human small cell lung carcinoma identified by the IgG2a monoclonal antibody SWA20

Waibel, R.; O'Hara, C.J.; Smith, A.; Stahel, R.A.

Cancer Research 48(15): 4318-4323


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-5472
PMID: 2839290
Accession: 041873894

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A mouse IgG2a monoclonal antibody, SWA20, defining a tumor-associated cell surface antigen on small cell carcinoma of the lung (SCC) was generated. The reactivity of the antibody with cell lines was examined by indirect immunofluorescence staining and solid phase radioimmunoassay and the reactivity with tissues by immunoperoxidase staining. The antibody reacts with a proportion of small cell carcinoma cell lines (4 of 8) and tissues (7 of 12), but not with other pulmonary or extrapulmonary cell lines (0 of 30) or tumor tissues (0 of 78). The antibody was unreactive with primary cultures of normal bronchial epithelial cells, RBC, and WBC. Immunoperoxidase staining of normal tissues showed rare antigen-positive cells in suprabasal layers of bronchial epithelium and less than 10% of positive cells in colon epithelium. Immunoblots of SCC extracts demonstrated antibody reactivity with a doublet band at Mr 40,000, a broader band at Mr 100,000, and a band at Mr 180,000. The antigen was not present in crude lipid extracts of SCC cells. Solid phase radioimmunoassays and immunoblots showed binding competition with the lectin Triticum vulgaris, sensitivity of the antigen to neuraminidase, and a partial sensitivity to treatment with periodate. The antigen was coexpressed on SCC cell lines with the antigen sGP90-135 defined first by antibody LAM8 (R. Waibel, C. J. O'Hara, and R. A. Stahel. Cancer Res., 47:3766-3770, 1987) but differed from it by lack of reactivity with Lea-positive saliva and partial resistance to periodate treatment. There was no binding competition between radiolabeled antibodies SWA20 and LAM8 to SCC target cells. The IgG2a antibody SWA20 identifies a previously undescribed tumor-associated surface membrane antigen, sGP100, expressed selectively on a proportion of SCC.