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Two lipid-anchored cAMP-binding proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are unrelated to the R subunit of cytoplasmic protein kinase A



Two lipid-anchored cAMP-binding proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are unrelated to the R subunit of cytoplasmic protein kinase A



European Journal of Biochemistry 202(2): 299-308



We show that the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, contains two cAMP-binding proteins in addition to the well-characterized regulatory (R) subunit of cytoplasmic cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). We provide evidence that they comprise a new type of cAMP receptor, membrane-anchored by covalently attached lipid structures. They are genetically not related to the cytoplasmic R subunit. The respective proteins can be detected in sral mutants, in which the gene for the R subunit of PKA has been disrupted and a monoclonal antibody raised against the cytoplasmic R subunit does not cross-react with the two membrane-bound cAMP-binding proteins. In addition, they differ from the cytoplasmic species also with respect to their location and the peptide maps of the photoaffinity-labeled proteins. Although they differ from one another in molecular mass and subcellular location, peptide maps of the cAMP-binding domains resemble each other and both proteins are membrane-anchored by lipid structures, one to the outer surface of the plasma membrane, the other to the outer surface of the inner mitochondrial membrane. Both anchors can be metabolically labeled by Etn, myo-Ins and fatty acids. In addition, the anchor structure of the cAMP receptor from plasma membranes can be radiolabeled by GlcN and Man. After cleavage of the anchor with glycosylphosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C from trypanosomes, the solubilized cAMP-binding protein from plasma membranes reacts with antibodies which specifically recognize the cross-reacting determinant from soluble trypanosomal coat protein, suggesting similarity of the anchors. Degradation studies also point to the glycosylphosphatidylinositol nature of the anchor from the plasma membrane, whereas the mitochondrial counterpart is less complex in that it lacks carbohydrates. The plasma membrane cAMP receptor is, in addition, modified by an N-glycosidically linked carbohydrate side chain, responsible mainly for its higher molecular mass.

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Accession: 041878976

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1722148

DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1991.tb16376.x


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