Water transport in human red cells: effects of 'non-inhibitory' sulfhydryl reagents

Benga, G.; Popescu, O.; Borza, V.; Hodârnău, A.; Pop, V.I.; Wrigglesworth, J.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1061(2): 309-312


ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002
PMID: 1998700
DOI: 10.1016/0005-2736(91)90297-l
Accession: 041967856

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The water diffusional permeability of human red blood cells following exposure to various sulfhydryl group (SH) reagents have been studied using a nuclear magnetic resonance technique. Exposure of red blood cells up to 12 mM N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) or 10 mM 5,5'-dithio-bis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNE) alone does not affect water diffusion. In contrast, when DTNB treatment follows a preincubation of the cells with NEM, a small (18% at 37 degrees C) but significant inhibition of water permeability occurs. The NEM and DTNB treatment of the cells caused no change of the cell shape and volume or of the cell water volume. Consequently, the inhibition observed after NEM and DTNB treatment has a real significance.