Alpha-Aminoadipate pool concentration and penicillin biosynthesis in strains of Penicillium chrysogenum

Jaklitsch, W.M.; Hampel, W.; Röhr, M.; Kubicek, C.P.; Gamerith, G.

Canadian Journal of Microbiology 32(6): 473-480


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4166
PMID: 3089568
DOI: 10.1139/m86-087
Accession: 041995809

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Intracellular amino acid pools in four Penicillium chrysogenum strains, which differed in their ability to produce penicillin, were determined under conditions supporting growth without penicillin production and under conditions supporting penicillin production. A significant correlation between the rate of penicillin production and the intracellular concentration of alpha-aminoadipate was observed, which was not shown with any other amino acid in the pool. In replacement cultivation, penicillin production was stimulated by alpha-aminoadipate, but not by valine or cysteine. Exogenously added alpha-aminoadipate (2 or 3 mM) maximally stimulated penicillin synthesis in two strains of different productivity. Under these conditions intracellular concentrations of alpha-aminoadipate were comparable in the two strains in spite of the higher rate of penicillin production in the more productive strain. Results suggest that the lower penicillin titre of strain Q 176 is due to at least two factors: (i) the intracellular concentration of alpha-aminoadipate is insufficient to allow saturation of any enzyme which is rate limiting in the conversion of alpha-aminoadipate to penicillin and (ii) the level of an enzyme, which is rate limiting in the conversion of alpha-aminoadipate to penicillin, is lower in Q 176 (relative to strain D6/1014/A). Results suggest that the intracellular concentration of alpha-aminoadipate in strain D6/1014/A is sufficiently high to allow saturation of the rate-limiting penicillin biosynthetic enzyme in that strain. The basis of further correlation of intracellular alpha-aminoadipate concentration and penicillin titre among strains D6/1014/A, P2, and 389/3, the three highest penicillin producers studied here, remains to be established.