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5'-deoxy-5'-thioanalogs of adenosine and inosine 5'-monophosphate: studies with 5'-nucleotidase and alkaline phosphatase



5'-deoxy-5'-thioanalogs of adenosine and inosine 5'-monophosphate: studies with 5'-nucleotidase and alkaline phosphatase



Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 220(1): 71-78



The interaction of 5'-deoxy-5'-thioadenosine 5'-monophosphate (A(S)MP) and 5'-deoxy-5'-thioinosine 5'-monophosphate (I(S)MP) with snake venom, 5'nucleotidase, and calf intestinal mucosa alkaline phosphatase has been characterized. The substrates, A(S)MP and I(S)MP, are analogs of adenosine 5'-monophosphate and inosine 5'-monophosphate in which sulfur replaces oxygen as the bridge between the 5'-carbon of the ribose and the phosphorous. The P-S bond of both A(S)MP and I(S)MP was hydrolyzed by alkaline phosphatase producing the corresponding thionucleoside as a reaction product. The Km for A(S)MP was 270 microM and the V for alkaline phosphatase was 110 nmol/min/mg (8% of the V for AMP), whereas the corresponding values for I(S)MP were 300 microM and 530 nmol/min/mg protein, respectively. In contrast, 5'-nucleotidase did not catalyze hydrolysis of either A(S)MP or I(S)MP. A(S)MP and I(S)MP were competitive inhibitors of the 5'-nucleotidase hydrolysis of AMP and IMP, respectively, with Ki values of 975 and 13 microM. Decreasing the pH of the reaction from 8.1 to 7.1 lowered the Ki for I(S)MP by 100-fold, to a value of 0.15 microM.

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Accession: 042022600

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PMID: 6299200

DOI: 10.1016/0003-9861(83)90388-0


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