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A comparison of aflatoxin B1-induced cytotoxicity, mutagenicity and prophage induction in Salmonella typhimurium mutagen tester strains TA1535, TA1538, TA98 and TA100



A comparison of aflatoxin B1-induced cytotoxicity, mutagenicity and prophage induction in Salmonella typhimurium mutagen tester strains TA1535, TA1538, TA98 and TA100



Mutation Research 83(1): 39-48



Treatment of Ames mutagen tester strains with aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and S9 mix results not only in the production of a potent mutagen, but induces a pathway that leads to the induction of prophages present in all Ames tester strains. Characterization of the prophage induction and mutagenic response following AFB1 treatment showed that plasmid pKM101 dramatically enhances mutagenesis, but suppressed prophage induction. Spontaneous release of phage by TA98 and TA100 was also lower than in TA1535 and TA1538. In addition to mutagenesis and prophage induction, survival of all 4 tester strains was quantitated after AFB1 treatment. The data show that the frameshift tester strains (TA1538 and TA98) are more sensitive to the bactericidal action of AFB1 than the base-pair tester strains (TA1535 and TA100), survival being significantly affected above 100 ng. One of several hypotheses examined was the difference in the number and types of prophages present in base-pair tester strains that are not detectable in the frame-shift tester strains. These data suggest that prophage induction can detect DNA damage that is non-mutagenic; and that it is important to characterize the lysogenic nature of the Ames strains since it may influence the observed histidine revertant rate and the survival of the tester strain.

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Accession: 042049701

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PMID: 7024793

DOI: 10.1016/0027-5107(81)90069-5


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