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A study of the copper T intrauterine contraceptive device (TCu 200) in nulliparous women

A study of the copper T intrauterine contraceptive device (TCu 200) in nulliparous women

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 116(8): 1092-1096

A study of the effectiveness and complications associated with the Model 200 copper T intrauterine device in 471 nulliparous women ranging in age from 14-33 years is reported, including 6044 woman-months of device use. 128 of the patients had had 1 or more previous abortions. This T-shaped device is made of polyethylene impregnated with barium sulfate, wound with .2 mm diameter copper wire providing a copper surface area of 200 square mm, and is inserted easily without anesthesia and with minimal pain. Continuation and failure rates were calculated for the first 12 months of use by life-table analysis. The overall continuation rate of device use was 74.2 per 100 women, the expulsion rate was 5.4, removal rate for bleeding or pain was 10.7, and pregnancy failure occurred at a rate of 1.7 per 100 women per year. These discontinuation event rates are lower than those reported for other IUDs in nulliparous women and comparable to IUD rates in multiparas. In the past, other IUD designs have been very unsatisfactory in nulliparas because of high expulsion and removal rates, but this study indicates that the TCu 200 IUD model is well accepted by nulliparas with good safety and effectiveness, and provides a promising and highly desired contraceptive alternative to oral contraception for young women.

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Accession: 042124895

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 4721138

DOI: 10.1016/0002-9378(73)90942-3

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