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Active calcium and sodium transport by cardiac plasma membranes in the genetically hypertensive rat



Active calcium and sodium transport by cardiac plasma membranes in the genetically hypertensive rat



Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux 77(11): 1261-1265



Active Na+ and Ca2+ transports by sarcolemmal vesicles from young spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and their normotensive controls (WKY) were compared. The effects of the calmodulin and the calcium antagonist nifedipine on Ca2+ binding ATP-dependent accumulation of Ca2+ were studied at free Ca2+ concentrations of 2.10(-8)M and 4.10(-7)M. 2.10(-7)M calmodulin stimulated Ca2+ binding to SHR membranes up to a level equivalent to that in WKY, whereas it enhanced active Ca2+ transport more in WKY than in SHR, thus suppressing the difference between the two substrains. At a 2.10(-8)M free Ca2+ concentration low concentrations of nifedipine (10(-7) to 10(-6)M) induced an increases in ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport by SHR vesicles. Inhibition of NA+, K+-adenosine triphosphatase activity by ouabain was also studied. Na+, K+ATPase activity in SHR membranes was double that in membranes from WKY (22.1 +/- 2.8 v.s. 11.3 +/- 1.1. mumole Pi/h/mg protein). These differences, observed on 3 week-old rats, before a significant rise blood pressure, may reflect genetic characteristics of these hypertensive-prone rats.

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Accession: 042166802

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PMID: 6098237


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