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Adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and calcium-calmodulin interrelation in the control of prolactin secretion: evidence for dopamine inhibition of cAMP accumulation and prolactin release after calcium mobilization



Adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) and calcium-calmodulin interrelation in the control of prolactin secretion: evidence for dopamine inhibition of cAMP accumulation and prolactin release after calcium mobilization



Endocrinology 112(5): 1801-1807



Calcium (Ca2+) ionophore A23187 increased the intracellular cAMP content and PRL release in normal rat anterior pituitary cells. Cotreatment with dopamine reduced both control and A23187-stimulated cAMP accumulation and PRL release. The dopamine antagonist spiperone restored the response of cAMP to ionophoric stimulation after pretreatment with dopamine in the greatest concentration used. Penfluridol, a compound with Ca2+-calmodulin-blocking properties, decreased control and A23187-stimulated cAMP content and PRL release. W7, a selective calmodulin-blocking agent, reduced basal cAMP and PRL release, whereas W5, a W7 analog with only 20% of its calmodulin-blocking ability, did not affect cAMP or PRL secretion. These data indicate that the Ca2+-calmodulin and cAMP systems are interrelated in the regulation of PRL secretion. They are also consistent with the hypothesis that the inhibition of PRL release by dopamine occurs after Ca2+ is mobilized and when or before it stimulates adenylate cyclase activity.

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Accession: 042185245

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PMID: 6299710

DOI: 10.1210/endo-112-5-1801


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