Section 43
Chapter 42,404

Blocked herpes simplex virus type 2-specific DNA synthesis in simian virus 40-transformed hamster cells permissive for herpes simplex virus type 1

Cheresh, D.A.; Haines, H.

Infection and Immunity 41(2): 584-590


ISSN/ISBN: 0019-9567
PMID: 6307875
Accession: 042403544

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Simian virus 40-transformed hamster cells (LL-1) permissive to herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) were shown to be relatively nonpermissive to HSV-2. When LL-1 cells were infected with HSV-2, there was a 3- to 4-log reduction in infectious viral progeny at 24 h postinfection as compared with HSV-1 under identical cultured conditions. HSV-2 could be carried in the LL-1 cell line for up to 12 passages without any appreciable cytopathology. Various early functions of the replicative cycle of HSV-2 appeared to be normal. Experiments demonstrated that early enzyme activity, HSV-2 thymidine kinase, and DNA polymerase appeared at permissive levels in extracts of HSV-2-infected LL-1 cells. However, DNA analysis of HSV-2 infected LL-1 cells demonstrated a block in HSV-2-specific DNA synthesis, although HSV-2 was capable of inhibiting DNA synthesis in LL-1 cells. Furthermore, indirect immunofluorescence studies indicate that late HSV-2 structural protein synthesis was inhibited in infected LL-1 cells. Thus, the inability of HSV-2 to replicate in LL-1 cells is due to a block at or before HSV-specific DNA synthesis, resulting in a reduction of the structural protein synthesis required for viral maturation.

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