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Catecholaminergic and GABAergic anatomical relationship in the rat substantia nigra, locus coeruleus, and hypothalamic median eminence: immunocytochemical visualization of biosynthetic enzymes on serial semithin plastic-embedded sections



Catecholaminergic and GABAergic anatomical relationship in the rat substantia nigra, locus coeruleus, and hypothalamic median eminence: immunocytochemical visualization of biosynthetic enzymes on serial semithin plastic-embedded sections



Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 32(12): 1331-1338



The visualization of protein antigens has been performed on semithin sections embedded in Araldite. After partial removal of the resin and a light proteolytic treatment of the tissue we were able to localize several biosynthetic enzymes: tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT), and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), which are, respectively, markers of catecholaminergic, adrenergic, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic systems. This technique afforded a high resolution of light microscopy details and immunostaining of TH, GAD, and PNMT on serial sections enabled us to compare with great precision GABAergic and adrenergic innervations in the rat locus coeruleus. In addition, it allows us to study the possible relationship between these terminals and the noradrenergic neurons. We also compared the general pattern of distribution of TH- and GAD-positive endings in the hypothalamic median eminence. The preliminary results obtained with this technique revealed some interesting facts previously unseen when preparations with lower histological resolution were used.

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Accession: 042469294

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PMID: 6150057

DOI: 10.1177/32.12.6150057


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