Section 43
Chapter 42,503

Changes in tissue growth, concentrations of copper, iron, cytochrome oxidase and superoxide dismutase subsequent to dietary or genetic copper deficiency in mice

Prohaska, J.R.

Journal of Nutrition 113(10): 2048-2058


ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3166
PMID: 6312000
DOI: 10.1093/jn/113.10.2048
Accession: 042502897

Experiments were conducted in suckling mice to investigate copper-dependent anemia. Brindled (Mobr/y) mice, which are not anemic, were compared to their normal brothers (Mo+/y) as well as to anemic suckling mice that were copper-deficient (-Cu) because their dams were consuming a diet low in copper and a fourth group of suckling mice that served as dietary controls (+Cu). Compared to +Cu and Mo+/y mice, -Cu mice were smaller and exhibited cardiac hypertrophy and significant atrophy of lymphoid tissues (spleen and thymus), Mobr/y mice were also small and demonstrated modest atrophy of both liver and spleen. Cu levels were decreased in all -Cu mouse tissues studied, whereas Fe levels tended to be unaltered. Mobr/y mice also exhibited lower tissue Cu levels in soft tissues, except for kidney and small intestine; however, Cu levels in Mobr/y mice were greater than in -Cu mice. Functional copper deficiency was demonstrated in -Cu tissues by decreases in cytochrome c oxidase (CO) and cuprozinc-superoxide dismutase (SOD). The magnitude of the change was tissue specific. Mobr/y tissues, which were low in Cu, also exhibited decreased SOD and CO activity. However, the drop in Mobr/y tissue was less than in -Cu tissue. This was most pronounced in bone marrow, where both CO and SOD were four times higher in Mobr/y than in -Cu mice. Both Mobr/y and -Cu mice had low serum ceruloplasmin activities. The presence of anemia in -Cu mice and the absence of anemia in Mobr/y mice may result from a more severe copper-deficient state in erythropoietic tissues in -Cu mice rather than from differences in ceruloplasmin activity.

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