Chromosomal arrangement of the duck alpha-globin genes and primary structure of the embryonic alpha-globin gene pi
Erbil, C.; Niessing, J.
Gene 32(1-2): 161-170
ISSN/ISBN: 0378-1119 PMID: 6530142 DOI: 10.1016/0378-1119(84)90044-1
A recombinant lambda Charon 4A bacteriophage, D alpha G-1, carrying the genes coding for the duck embryonic (pi') and adult (alpha A, alpha D) alpha-like globins was isolated from a previously constructed duck DNA recombinant library. The three globin genes are transcribed from the same DNA strand and are arranged in the order of their expression during development: 5'-pi'-alpha D-alpha A-3'. We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the duck pi'-globin gene, including the flanking regions. Due to the unusual length of intron 1 (963 bp) and intron 2 (568 bp) the 2167-bp duck pi'-globin gene is by far the largest among all known mammalian or avian alpha- and beta-globin genes. For instance, the duck pi'-globin gene introns are almost twice as long as those of the chicken pi'-globin genes. A surprisingly high degree of nucleotide sequence homology (88%) has been found for the 5' flanking region (positions -1 to -223) of the duck and chicken pi'-globin gene.