Section 43
Chapter 42,546

Circulating immune complexes and serum immunoglobulins in acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis

Rodríguez-Iturbe, B.; Carr, R.I.; García, R.; Rabideau, D.; Rubio, L.; McIntosh, R.M.

Clinical Nephrology 13(1): 1-4


ISSN/ISBN: 0301-0430
PMID: 7363511
Accession: 042545334

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Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) is a disease thought to be induced by the renal deposition of circulating immune complexes. In order to test this possibility, serum samples from 119 patients with APSGN were studied for Clq binding activity (ClqBA), levels of IgG, IgM, IgA, C3 and antibody titers to streptococcal enzymes. These parameters were analyzed in relation to the clinical and laboratory data of the acute nephritic syndrome and with respect to the time elapsed from streptococcal infection and from the onset of nephritis. Elevated ClqBA was found in 66.7% of the patients in the first week of the disease and this frequency decreased progressively to 17.6% after the second week. Normal ClqBA was found in patients after the third week of nephritis. Serum levels of IgG and IgM were elevated in over 95% of the patients. Levels of IgG in excess of 2400 mg/dl were detected in 71.1% of the cases. No correlation could be found between the ClqBA and the clinical or immunoserological findings of the disease. The data support the hypothesis that circulating immune complexes are responsible for the nephritis that follows streptococcal infection.

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