3D Printed Structures Filled with Carbon Fibers and Functionalized with Mesenchymal Stem Cell Conditioned Media as in Vitro Cell Niches for Promoting Chondrogenesis

García-Ruíz, J.P.ón.; Díaz Lantada, A.és.

Materials 11(1)

2017


ISSN/ISBN: 1996-1944
PMID: 29295547
DOI: 10.3390/ma11010023
Accession: 042601712

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Abstract
In this study, we present a novel approach towards the straightforward, rapid, and low-cost development of biomimetic composite scaffolds for tissue engineering strategies. The system is based on the additive manufacture of a computer-designed lattice structure or framework, into which carbon fibers are subsequently knitted or incorporated. The 3D-printed lattice structure acts as support and the knitted carbon fibers perform as driving elements for promoting cell colonization of the three-dimensional construct. A human mesenchymal stem cell (h-MSC) conditioned medium (CM) is also used for improving the scaffold's response and promoting cell adhesion, proliferation, and viability. Cell culture results-in which scaffolds become buried in collagen type II-provide relevant information regarding the viability of the composite scaffolds used and the prospective applications of the proposed approach. In fact, the advanced composite scaffold developed, together with the conditioned medium functionalization, constitutes a biomimetic stem cell niche with clear potential, not just for tendon and ligament repair, but also for cartilage and endochondral bone formation and regeneration strategies.