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Contribution of gas exchange to slope of phase III of the single-breath nitrogen test



Contribution of gas exchange to slope of phase III of the single-breath nitrogen test



Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology 50(6): 1156-1160



To study the influence of gas exchanges on the slope of phase III, single-breath nitrogen tests (SB-N2) and reversed tests (SB-R) were performed with 10 normal volunteers at expiratory flows of 100 ml.s-1, 500 ml.s-1,11.s-1, and 21.s-1. During the prolonged expiration required for the SB-N2 test, more O2 is consumed that CO2 eliminated. This factor could contribute to the rising slope of phase III. However, if one obtains a reversed slope of phase III (by having O2 as the residual gas and room air as the inspired gas), factors increasing N2 concentration with time of expiration should decrease the steepness of this reversed slope. Our data show that, at an expiratory flow of 100 ml.s-1, the slope of phase III was steeper in SB-N2 than in SB-R by 0.92 +/- 0.31% N2 1-1 (mean +/- SD, p less than 0.01). As the expiratory flow was increased to 500 ml.s-1, this difference decreased to 0.33 +/- 0.19% N2 1-1, and both slopes became similar in magnitude but opposite in direction at an expiratory flow of 1 1.s-1. These data suggest that active gas exchange has a significant influence on the slope of phase III of the SB-N2 test.

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Accession: 042670213

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PMID: 6790494


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