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Control of late simian virus 40 transcription by the attenuation mechanism and transcriptionally active ternary complexes are associated with the nuclear matrix



Control of late simian virus 40 transcription by the attenuation mechanism and transcriptionally active ternary complexes are associated with the nuclear matrix



Journal of Molecular Biology 172(4): 467-487



Isolated nuclei derived from simian virus 40 (SV40)-infected cells and incubated with [alpha-32P]UTP can elongate the in vivo preinitiated SV40 late RNA, synthesizing a viral RNA species 94 nucleotides long (attenuator RNA) as well as longer RNA molecules. In contrast to newly synthesized SV40 RNA, the attenuator RNA is not associated with the nuclear matrix. Pretreating the cells with 5,6-dichloro-1-beta-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole before the incubation of isolated nuclei in vitro, enhances the accumulation of the attenuator RNA, but again it is removed from nuclei by DNase and high salt. In contrast, pretreating the cells with proflavine, an intercalating drug that interferes with RNA secondary structure, prevents the accumulation of the attenuator RNA and increases the amount of the long RNA molecules. These RNA molecules become associated with the nuclear matrix. Isolated nuclear matrices from SV40-infected cells are highly enriched in transcriptionally active ternary complexes. Thus, isolated nuclear matrices that contain from 2 to 6% of SV40 DNA are capable of synthesizing at least 35% of the viral RNA synthesized in isolated nuclei after 2 to 15 minutes incubation with [alpha-32P]UTP. The RNA synthesized in vitro on purified nuclear matrices and isolated nuclei is derived from the same regions of the viral genome, suggesting that there is an association between transcribed DNA sequences and the nuclear matrix. The results suggest a major role for the nuclear matrix in controlling SV40 gene expression.

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Accession: 042677041

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PMID: 6319719

DOI: 10.1016/s0022-2836(84)80018-2


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