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Correlation of the directly observed responses of mesenteric vessles of the rat to nerve stimulation and noradrenaline with the distribution of adrenergic nerves



Correlation of the directly observed responses of mesenteric vessles of the rat to nerve stimulation and noradrenaline with the distribution of adrenergic nerves



Journal of Physiology 239(1): 75-88



1. The effects of nerve stimulation and of the topical application of noradrenaline on arteries, capillaries and veins of the mesentery of the anaesthetized rat were examined by direct observation under a microscope. The distribution of adrenergic nerves to the vessels of the mesentery was studied using the fluorescence histochemical method.2. Principal arteries, small arteries and terminal arterioles were all innervated by a network of adrenergic fibres and they all constricted in response to the stimulation of paravascular nerves and to exogenous noradrenaline. Few adrenergic fibres accompanied the smaller, precapillary arterioles; these vessels did not respond to nerve stimulation, although they were constricted by concentrations of noradrenaline as low as 10(-10) g/ml.3. The capillaries did not respond to nerve stimulation or to applied noradrenaline. All veins were constricted by noradrenaline, but only those veins greater than about 30 mum in internal diameter responded to nerve stimulation.4. At stimulus frequencies greater than 4 Hz the flow of blood through the microvasculature usually ceased, although there was never complete closure of these vessels. The maximum constriction observed in principal arteries was usually between 50 and 70% of the control internal diameter, and in small arteries and terminal arterioles was between 40 and 65% of the control internal diameter.5. It is concluded that the principal arteries and small arteries of the mesenteric vasculature are important in the control of blood flow through this vascular bed during sympathetic stimulation and following topical application of noradrenaline, and that the precapillary arterioles are important vessels determining the rate of blood flow through the capillary bed under resting conditions.

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Accession: 042690308

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 4851199

DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.1974.sp010556


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