+ Translate
+ Most Popular
The pigeon tick (Argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects
Prevalence of hemoglobin abnormalities in Kebili (Tunisian South)
Lipogranuloma: a preventable complication of dacryocystorhinostomy
Value of basal plasma cortisol assays in the assessment of pituitary-adrenal insufficiency
Bees from the Belgian Congo. The acraensis group of Anthophora
Placing gingival retraction cord
Total serum IgE, allergy skin testing, and the radioallergosorbent test for the diagnosis of allergy in asthmatic children
Acariens plumicoles Analgesoidea parasites des oiseaux du Maroc
Injuries of terminal phalanges of the fingers in children
Biology of flowering and nectar production in pear (Pyrus communis)
Das Reliktvorkommen der Aspisviper (Vipera aspis L.) im Schwarzwald
Hydrological modelling of drained blanket peatland
Pathologic morphology and clinical significance of the anomalous origin of the left circumflex coronary artery from the right coronary artery. General review and autopsy analysis of 30 cases
Cyto genetic analyses of lymphocyte cultures after exposure to calcium cyclamate
Axelrodia riesei, a new characoid fish from Upper Rio Meta in Colombia With remarks concerning the genus Axelrodia and description of a similar, sympatric, Hyphessobrycon-species
Favorable evolution of a case of tuberculosis of pancreas under antibiotic action
RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, Valencene, CAS Registry Number 4630-07-3
Parenteral microemulsions: an overview
Temperate pasture: management for grazing and conservation
Evaluation of a new coprocessed compound based on lactose and maize starch for tablet formulation
Thermal expansion and cracking of three confined water-saturated igneous rocks to 800C
Revision of the genera of the tribe Stigmoderini (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) a discussion of phylogenetic relationships
Anal tuberculosis. Report of a case
Gastric tuberculosis in the past and present
Adaptive responses of the cardiovascular system to prolonged spaceflight conditions: assessment with Holter monitoring

Death and injury in aerial spraying: pre-crash, crash, and post-crash prevention strategies

Death and injury in aerial spraying: pre-crash, crash, and post-crash prevention strategies

Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine 52(1): 53-56

ISSN/ISBN: 0095-6562

PMID: 7213290

To prevent crash-related death and injury among spray pilots, a program including pre-crash, crash and post-crash stages of intervention for aircraft, physical environment, and pilots and ground crews was proposed in accordance with a matrix of options derived from road crash epidemiology. In addition to the dangers of fixed obstacles, low-altitude runs, and heavy work schedules, work hazards included combined exposures to noise, vibration, G forces, heat stress, pesticides, and dehydration. Together, these exposures were believed to have produced slight, but crucial decreases in pilot performance, alertness and skill. For aircraft, the major pre-crash measure was cockpit air cooling, with filter technologies to prevent in-flight pesticide exposure. Crash and post-crash design changes to reduce energy transfers to the pilot's body (thermal, kinetic) were the most important recommendations, because absolute prevention of the crash event was unlikely. For the environment, pre-crash recommendations included marking fixed obstacles, such as power and telephone lines, but preferably their elimination. Other measures included drainage pits with sodium hydroxide points to neutralize parathion and prevent dispersion of parathion-containing mists. Pilot pre-crash measures (more fluid intake, biological monitoring--EMG, urinary alkyl phosphate, cholinesterase testing) required special organizational arrangements. Systematic application of options from the foregoing matrix suggest that the high risk of death and injury from aerial spraying is unnecessary.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 042737936

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Crash-worthiness of air-craft and crash injury prevention. Journal of Aviation Medicine 23(5): 433-438, 1952

Difference between car-to-cyclist crash and near crash in a perpendicular crash configuration based on driving recorder analysis. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 117: 1-9, 2018

Difference between car-to-cyclist crash and near crash in a perpendicular crash configuration based on driving recorder analysis. Accident Analysis and Prevention 117: 1-9, 2018

Relative risk of death from ejection by crash type and crash mode. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 21(5): 459-468, 1989

Relative risk of death from ejection by crash type and crash mode: comment on a paper by Esterlitz. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 23(2-3): 194-195, 1991

In-depth approach for identifying crash causation patterns and its implications for pedestrian crash prevention. Journal of Safety Research 73: 119-132, 2020

Injured drivers and alcohol use culpability convictions and pre crash and post crash driving history. Journal of Trauma 30(10): 1208-1214, 1990

Vehicular crash data used to rank intersections by injury crash frequency and severity. Data in Brief 8: 930-933, 2016

Teenage driver crash incidence and factors influencing crash injury by rurality. Journal of Safety Research 41(6): 487-492, 2010

Explaining Differences in Crash and Injury Crash Outcomes in Red Light Camera Studies. Evaluation and the Health Professions 39(2): 226-244, 2016

Opportunities for crash and injury reduction: A multiharm approach for crash data analysis. Traffic Injury Prevention 18(Sup1): S1-S8, 2017

The relationship between perceived crash responsibility and post-crash depression. Annual Proceedings. Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine 49: 79-92, 2005

Crash injury loss: The effect of speed, weight and crash configuration. Accident Analysis and Prevention 9(1): 55-68, 1977

Estimated crash injury risk and crash characteristics for motorsport drivers. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 136: 105397, 2020

Patterns of severe injury in pediatric car crash victims: Crash Injury Research Engineering Network database. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 41(2): 362-367, 2006