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Decreased weight, DNA, RNA and protein content of the brain after neutron irradiation of the 18-day mouse embryo



Decreased weight, DNA, RNA and protein content of the brain after neutron irradiation of the 18-day mouse embryo



International Journal of Radiation Biology and Related Studies in Physics Chemistry and Medicine 46(4): 425-433



Pregnant mice were irradiated with 0.5 Gy fission neutrons on the eighteenth day of their gestation. The average litter size at birth was unchanged but mortality increased 5-6 fold in the first 3 days. The irradiated mice were the same weight as control mice at birth but showed a progressively increasing weight deficiency up to at least 36 days as compared to controls. Brain weight was 37, 45 and 25 per cent less in 2-, 3- and 52-week old irradiated animals, respectively, and the ratio of brain weight to body weight was 25, 27 and 13 per cent less. The concentrations of DNA, RNA and protein (mg/g wet tissue) were the same in irradiated and control mice in both brain and liver at all three ages. Total DNA, RNA and protein contents of whole brain after irradiation were 56-75 per cent of the control levels. No definite decrease was observed in liver. Histological study at 6 hours after irradiation showed nuclear pyknosis in the central nervous system from definite to very severe according to the part examined. It is concluded that damage to the central nervous system of the 18-day mouse foetus after neutron irradiation is mainly due to killing and/or inhibition of the differentiation of neuroblasts.

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Accession: 042741568

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PMID: 6209234

DOI: 10.1080/09553008414551621


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