Distension of pulmonary vein--left atrial junction: heart rate responses in conscious and anesthetized dogs

Nevalainen, T.O.; Hakumäki, M.O.; Hyödynmaa, S.J.; Närhi, M.V.; Sarajas, H.S.

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 110(1): 47-52

1980


ISSN/ISBN: 0001-6772
PMID: 7468270
DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1980.tb06628.x
Accession: 042838355

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Abstract
The cardiac chronotropic effects of distension of pulmonary vein-left atrial junction were investigated in conscious dogs and in dogs anesthetized with intravenous alpha-chloralose (100 mg/kg) or pentobarbital (30 mg/kg). All the experiments were made on trained, chronically instrumented, closed chest animals held in horizontal position. Inflation of a single small balloon in the junction elicited a tachycardic response both in conscious and chloralose-anesthetized dogs, while in pentobarbital anesthesia no change in heart rate was found. Contrary to reports of other investigators, no transient bradycardia was found, nor any correlation between predistension heart rate and the increase in heart rate due to the distension. It is suggested that the choice of anesthetic can be done only after its modifying effect on the parameter studied is known. Only the use of trained, chronically instrumented and conscious dogs will reveal this effect.

Distension of pulmonary vein--left atrial junction: heart rate responses in conscious and anesthetized dogs