EurekaMag
+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Tabanidae
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Effect of caloric restriction during pregnancy on maternal and fetal body composition in the obese Sprague-Dawley rat


Effect of caloric restriction during pregnancy on maternal and fetal body composition in the obese Sprague-Dawley rat



Journal of Nutrition 114(12): 2247-2255



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-3166

PMID: 6502268

DOI: 10.1093/jn/114.12.2247

The effects of 15, 30 or 50% caloric restriction during pregnancy on maternal and fetal compartments was determined in obese Sprague-Dawley rats. Pregnant and nonpregnant animals were assigned on a weight basis to one of the dietary treatments. All nutrients, except calories, were fed at levels to meet dietary requirements. Animals were killed on day 20 of treatment and fetuses were taken by Caesarian section. Pregnant animals achieved positive weight gain during 20 days of gestation at all levels of caloric restriction. Nonpregnant animals lost body weight when calories were restricted by 30 and 50%. Number of fetuses, fetal body nitrogen, and pup weight were not statistically different (P less than 0.05) among groups. Animals fed the 30 and 50% calorie-restricted diets showed a significant (P less than 0.05) decrease in total-body fat. Percent carcass protein tended to increase as dietary caloric restriction increased. The fetal compartment was apparently not affected by maternal caloric restriction up to 50% during pregnancy provided that all other nutrients were supplied in adequate amounts. Maternal stores were adversely affected at levels of 30 and 50% caloric restriction.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 042898175

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

The effect of dietary caloric restriction during pregnancy on maternal and fetal body composition in the sprague dawley rat. Federation Proceedings 41(3): ABSTRACT 89, 1982

The effect of dietary caloric restriction during pregnancy on maternal and fetal compartments in the sprague dawley rat. Federation Proceedings 43(4): ABSTRACT 4115, 1984

Comparative effects of prenatal cocaine, alcohol, and undernutrition on maternal/fetal toxicity and fetal body composition in the Sprague-Dawley rat with observations on strain-dependent differences. Neurotoxicology and Teratology 17(5): 559-567, 1995

Caloric Restriction reduces body fat, lean body mass, and palpable masses while increasing the 24-month survival rate in Sprague-Dawley rats. Toxicological Sciences 72(S-1): 211, 2003

The effect of exercise and protein intake during pregnancy on maternal and fetal zinc content in the sprague dawley rat. Federation Proceedings 45(4): 974, 1986

Effect of exercise intensity and severe caloric restriction on body composition in the obese. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 24(5 Suppl.): S72, 1992

Caloric restriction and calcium's effect on bone metabolism and body composition in overweight and obese premenopausal women. Nutrition Reviews 62(12): 468-481, 2004

The relationship between maternal body weight and embryo/fetal parameters in the Sprague-Dawley rats. Teratology 51(3): 177, 1995

Effects of obesity, food restriction and pregnancy on fetal and maternal weight and on body composition in rats. Journal of Nutrition 111(12): 2162-2171, 1981

Plasma protein's glycation is decreased in Sprague Dawley rats under caloric restriction. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 19(3): 295-301, 1994

Effect of early body weight and moderate dietary restriction on the survival of the Sprague-Dawley rat. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft für Toxikologische Pathologie 49(6): 459-465, 1997

Effects of dietary fat manipulation exercise and caloric restriction on body composition in obese females. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 24(5 Suppl.): S72, 1992

Long-Evans and Sprague-Dawley rats exhibit divergent responses to refeeding after caloric restriction. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology 288(6): R1468-R1476, 2005

Maternal body composition, caloric restriction and exercise during lactation: an overview. Journal of Nutrition 128(2 Suppl): 379s-380s, 1998

Maternal Body Composition, Caloric Restriction and Exercise during Lactation: An Overview. The Journal of Nutrition 128(2): 379S-380S, 1998