Effect of met-enkephalin on acid secretion from gastric fistulas and Heidenhain pouches in dogs stimulated by pentagastrin, pentagastrin plus bethanechol, or a meal

Kostritsky-Pereira, A.; Woussen-Colle, M.C.; De Graef, J.

International Journal of Tissue Reactions 6(2): 167-173


ISSN/ISBN: 0250-0868
PMID: 6735623
Accession: 042918014

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In dogs with denervated Heidenhain pouches and gastric cannulas the authors studied the action of met-enkephalin on acid secretion stimulated by a liquid meal, pentagastrin or pentagastrin + bethanechol. Serum gastrin levels were determined during the feeding experiments. Meal-stimulated and pentagastrin-stimulated acid secretion from the gastric fistula were inhibited by met-enkephalin. A rise in pentagastrin-induced acid secretion was observed in the denervated stomach. No significant changes were observed in the postprandial acid response from the pouch to the meal, nor from the main stomach or the pouch during stimulation with pentagastrin + bethanechol. Gastrin release was decreased by met-enkephalin during the first hour following feeding and increased during the second hour. Our data indicate that met-enkephalin can either inhibit or stimulate acid secretion in dogs. The inhibition occurs only in the innervated fundic mucosa, and might be explained by a decrease in gastrin release and by a decrease in vagal tone.