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Effects of impromidine, a specific H2-receptor agonist and 2(2-pyridyl)-ethylamine, an H1-receptor agonist, on stimulation-induced release of [3H]-noradrenaline in guinea-pig isolated atria



Effects of impromidine, a specific H2-receptor agonist and 2(2-pyridyl)-ethylamine, an H1-receptor agonist, on stimulation-induced release of [3H]-noradrenaline in guinea-pig isolated atria



British Journal of Pharmacology 76(2): 305-311



1 The specific histamine H2-receptor agonist, impromidine (3-100 nmol/l), increased the rate and force of beating of guinea-pig isolated atria. These effects were blocked by the H2-receptor antagonist, cimetidine (30 mumol/l), but not by the H1-receptor antagonist, mepyramine (0.1 mumol/l). 2 In atria that had previously been incubated in [3H]-noradrenaline, impromidine (3-100 nmol/l) had no effect on the resting efflux of radioactivity, but concentrations of 50 and 100 nmol/l significantly increased the efflux induced by electrical stimulation (2 Hz for 10 s) of the intramural sympathetic nerves by approximately 38%; lower concentrations (3, 10 and 25 nmol/l) had no effect. 3 The effect of impromidine in enhancing stimulation-induced efflux of radioactivity was abolished by cimetidine (30 mumol/l) and by mepyramine (0.1 mumol/l). It was unaffected by the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist, phentolamine (30 mumol/l). 4 Impromidine produced some inhibition of the uptake of [3H]-noradrenaline, but this did not account for the enhancement of the stimulation-induced efflux of radioactivity, since impromidine (50 mumol/l) still increased release in the presence of cocaine (30 mumol/l). 5 The specific H1-receptor agonist, 2-(2-pyridyl)-ethylamine (10-100 mumol/l), increased both the resting and stimulation-induced efflux of radioactivity. These effects were not blocked by mepyramine (0.1 mumol/l) or the beta-adrenoceptor antagonist, metoprolol (0.1 mumol/l). 6 The prejunctional inhibitory histamine receptors in guniea-pig atria are not classifiable into H1- or H2-type by the use of relatively specific postjunctional histamine H1- or H2-receptor agonists and antagonists.

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Accession: 042956503

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PMID: 6212093

DOI: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1982.tb09221.x


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