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Enhanced skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in year-old rats adapted to hypergravity

Enhanced skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in year-old rats adapted to hypergravity

American Journal of Physiology 240(5): E482

Rats adapted to hypergravity by continuous centrifugation at 4.15 g for 7 mo exhibit increased glucose uptake at lower plasma insulin levels than weight-matched control animals following oral glucose administration. To assess insulin sensitivity of specific tissues, glucose uptake by perfused skeletal muscle and liver from year-old hypergravic rats was compared with perfused tissue from weight-matched control rats (2.5-mo-old). The results show that metabolic clearance of glucose by skeletal muscle from hypergravic rats ws not significantly greater than control muscle when perfused in the absence of insulin (10.6 vs. 8.1 microliter.min-1.g muscle-1) but was twofold faster (23.0 vs. 9.5) at perfusate insulin levels of 35 microunits/ml. Conversely, glucose uptake by hypergravic livers was significantly decreased (P less than 0.001) compared with control livers (10.3 vs. 27.8) at perfusate insulin levels of 40 microunits/ml. These findings suggest that skeletal muscle rather than liver is the tissue primarily responsible for enhanced sensitivity to insulin observed in older rats adapted to hypergravity.

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Accession: 043007233

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PMID: 7015877

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