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Extension of calcific deposits in the anterior mitral valve leaflet and mitral valve stenosis severity. Use of 2D Echo parasternal long-axis view



Extension of calcific deposits in the anterior mitral valve leaflet and mitral valve stenosis severity. Use of 2D Echo parasternal long-axis view



Acta Cardiologica 38(5): 443-453



To evaluate the role of the extent of calcific deposits on the anterior mitral leaflet in predicting the severity of mitral valve stenosis, two-dimensional echocardiography (2D Echo) and heart catheterization data were analysed in 62 patients with mitral valve stenosis, pure or associated with trivial valve regurgitation. 50 patients had technically adequate 2D Echo. Of these, 28 had pure mitral valve stenosis. The mitral valve area was estimated from the parasternal short-axis 2D Echo projection. Using the parasternal long-axis projection, calcium deposits location and extension on the anterior mitral leaflet was examined. Patients were subdivided into the following groups: Group 0 (absence of calcium deposits = 19 patients), Group 1 (calcium on distal third of the leaflet = 19 patients), Group 2 (calcium on mid and distal segments = 11 patients), Group 3 (calcium on the entire leaflet = one patient). The extension of calcium deposits in long-axis projection was contrasted with 2D Echo mitral valve area in the 50 mitral valve patients. 2D Echo and heart catheterization derived mitral valve area were compared to each other in the 28 patients with pure mitral valve stenosis. 2D Echo mitral valve area was greater in Group 0 patients (1.8 +/- 0.4 cm2) than in Group 1 (1.4 +/- 0.4 cm2) and in Group 2 (1.1 +/- 0.3 cm2) (p less than 0.001 between the three groups). Calcific deposits were present on the anterior mitral leaflet in 30/31 patients with 2D Echo mitral valve area less than or equal to 2 cm2. However, of the 19 patients of Group 0, 13 had moderate and one severe mitral valve stenosis. In the 28 patients with pure mitral valve stenosis, 2D Echo mitral valve area was excellently correlated with Gorlin's derived mitral valve area (r = 0.90). However, in patients with extensive calcification of the anterior mitral valve leaflet (Group 2), 2D Echo mitral valve area was significantly greater than the Gorlin's derived area (1.08 +/- 0.20 cm2 versus 0.68 +/- 0.17 cm2; p less than 0.001). In four patients of Group 2, the mitral valve stenosis was moderate by 2D Echo grading and severe by heart catheterization data. Our data suggest that the study of extension of calcific deposits on the anterior mitral valve leaflet may be a complementary aid in quantifying mitral valve stenosis to the 2D Echo mitral valve area estimate, especially when the valve is severely calcified.

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Accession: 043094415

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PMID: 6606922


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