+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Gamma interferon induces rapid and coordinate activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) and calcium-independent protein kinase C in human monocytes



Gamma interferon induces rapid and coordinate activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (extracellular signal-regulated kinase) and calcium-independent protein kinase C in human monocytes



Infection and Immunity 62(7): 2722-2731



Gamma interferon plays an important role in regulating the functional properties of mononuclear phagocytes. In the present study, the role of activated protein kinases in the mechanism of action of gamma interferon cell signaling in human peripheral blood monocytes was investigated. Analysis in vitro of 100,000 x g cytosolic fractions from untreated and interferon-treated cells showed that agonist treatment resulted in time- and concentration-dependent increases in phosphotransferase activity when myelin basic protein (MBP) was used as the substrate. Anion-exchange chromatography of high-speed supernatants prepared from detergent extracts of interferon-treated cells revealed two discrete peaks of MBP phosphotransferase activity. Immunoblotting of fractions from these peaks with antiphosphotyrosine antibodies and with antibodies that specifically recognize the family of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases detected a MAP kinase with a subunit M(r) of 42,000 in the earliest-eluting peak (peak 1). Phosphorylation of the 42,000-M(r) protein on tyrosine was observed only after treatment of cells with interferon. The contribution of MAP kinase to the interferon-stimulated activity in peak 1 was confirmed by quantitative immunoprecipitation with anti-MAP kinase and antiphosphotyrosine antibodies. The conclusion that the interferon-activated MBP kinase in peak 1 could be accounted for by an activated MAP kinase was also supported by the finding that fractions from Mono Q peak 1 demonstrated activity towards a MAP kinase-specific substrate. The later-eluting peak of interferon-activated MBP phosphotransferase activity appeared to be accounted for by an activated protein kinase C (PKC). This conclusion is based upon analyses of immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation experiments with antibodies to PKC and was also supported by the observed inhibition of this kinase with a PKC pseudosubstrate peptide. The interferon-stimulated PKC present in Mono Q peak 2 was active in the absence of calcium ions, suggesting that it is a calcium-independent isoform of PKC.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 043174914

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7516311


Related references

Gamma interferon induces rapid and coordinate activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and calcium-independent protein kinase C in human monocytes. Infection & Immunity 62(7): 2722-2731, 1994

E6201, a novel kinase inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase-1 and mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase kinase-1: in vivo effects on cutaneous inflammatory responses by topical administration. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 335(1): 23-31, 2010

Early activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase in response to binding of simian immunodeficiency virus to Jurkat T cells expressing CCR5 receptor. Virology 252(1): 210-217, 1999

Direct activation of the stress-activated protein kinase (SAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathways by an inducible mitogen-activated protein Kinase/ERK kinase kinase 3 (MEKK) derivative. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272(5): 2668-2674, 1997

Role of nongenomic activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 pathways in 1,25D3-mediated apoptosis in squamous cell carcinoma cells. Cancer Research 66(16): 8131-8138, 2006

Activation of protein kinase C delta induces growth arrest in NPA thyroid cancer cells through extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase. Thyroid 16(4): 333-341, 2006

Phorbol ester-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular-signal-regulated kinase kinase and extracellular-signal-regulated protein kinase decreases glucose-6-phosphatase gene expression. Biochemical Journal 357(Pt 3): 867-873, 2001

Synergistic activation by Ras and 14-3-3 protein of a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase named Ras-dependent extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase stimulator. Journal of Biological Chemistry 269(37): 22917-22920, 1994

Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and activation of activator protein 1 and nuclear factor kappaB transcription factors play central roles in interleukin-8 expression stimulated by monosodium urate monohydrate and calcium pyrophosphate crystals in monocytic cells. Arthritis and Rheumatism 43(5): 1145-1155, 2000

CD46/CD3 costimulation induces morphological changes of human T cells and activation of Vav, Rac, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase. Journal of Immunology 167(12): 6780-6785, 2001

c-Jun N-terminal kinase binding domain-dependent phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 7 and balancing cross-talk between c-Jun N-terminal kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase pathways in cortical neurons. Neuroscience 159(1): 94-103, 2009

Phosphorylation and activation of mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase-1 in adult rat cardiac myocytes by G-protein-coupled receptor agonists requires both extracellular-signal-regulated kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. Biochemical Journal 365(Pt 3): 757-763, 2002

Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase by G protein and tyrosine kinase oncoproteins. Journal of Biological Chemistry 268(24): 17896-17901, 1993

Activation of mammalian target of rapamycin in transformed B lymphocytes is nutrient dependent but independent of Akt, mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase, insulin growth factor-I, and serum. Cancer Research 65(17): 7800-7808, 2005

Leukemia inhibitory factor induces the chemomigration of immortalized gonadotropin-releasing hormone neurons through the independent activation of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellularly regulated kinase 1/2, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling pathways. Molecular Endocrinology 21(5): 1163-1174, 2007